globe
  1. General readings 10 items
    1. Start your reading for this course with:

    2. The making of the modern refugee - Peter Gatrell, Oxford University Press 2013

      Book Essential

    3.  

       

      This recent survey covers the whole period we'll be looking at, and beyond, in global perspective. It's very good, and has useful discussions of further readings too. It's available as an e-book through the university library, and if you want your own copy it's just come out in paperback at under £20. Doesn't seem to be on Kindle yet though.

       

       

      An important older text that is more focused on Europe is:

    4. The unwanted: European refugees from the First World War through the Cold War - Michael R. Marrus 2002

      Book Essential

    5. Some of the library's copies are the first edition (Oxford, 1985), with a slightly different subtitle; this will also do:

    6. Complementing it, since we're looking beyond Europe too, is:

    7. We'll also refer to a book published in our period, John Hope Simpson's comprehensive 1939 report for the Royal Institute of International Affairs (better known as Chatham House),

    8. The refugee problem: report of a survey - John Hope Simpson, Royal Institute of International Affairs 1939

      Book Essential

  2. Semester 1, Week 1 4 items
    A. Introduction B. What makes a refugee?
    1. Key readings 2 items
      1. The making of the modern refugee - Peter Gatrell, Oxford University Press 2013

        Book Essential See: Introduction

    2. Further readings 2 items
      1. The unwanted: European refugees in the twentieth century - Michael R. Marrus 1985

        Book  See: Introduction and Chapter 1

      2. Displacement and dispossession in the modern Middle East - Dawn Chatty 2010 (electronic resource)

        Book  See: Chapter 1

  3. Semester 1, Week 2 18 items
    A: Late Ottoman refugee crises. B: The first world war and mass displacement.
    1. Key readings 2 items
    2. Further readings 16 items
      1. A. Late Ottoman refugees 10 items
        1. War Refugees and Violence in Hamidian Istanbul

          Roger A. Deal

          Middle Eastern Studies, 49:2, 179-190

          http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00263206.2012.759105

           

        2. Sorrowful shores: violence, ethnicity, and the end of the Ottoman Empire 1912-1923 - Ryan Gingeras, Oxford University Press c2009 (electronic resource)

          Book  See: especially Chapters 1 and 2

        3. Ottoman population, 1830-1914: demographic and social characteristics - Kemal H. Karpat 1985

          Book  See: Chapter 4, pp. 60-77, available online.

        4. Studies on Ottoman social and political history: selected articles and essays - Kemal H. Karpat, Ebooks Corporation Limited 2002

          Book  See: The Status of the Muslim Under European Rule: The Eviction and Settlement of the Çerkes’, pp. 647-675

        5. Studies on Ottoman social and political history: selected articles and essays - Kemal H. Karpat, Ebooks Corporation Limited 2002

          Book  See: The Hijra from Russia and the Balkans: The Process of Self-Definition in the Late Ottoman State’, pp. 689-711

        6. Studies on Ottoman social and political history: selected articles and essays - Kemal H. Karpat, Ebooks Corporation Limited 2002

          Book  See: 'Ottoman Immigration Policies and Settlement in Palestine’, pp. 783-799

        7. The unwanted: European refugees in the twentieth century - Michael R. Marrus 1985

          Book  See: Chapter 1, especially pp. 40-50

      2. B. The first world war 6 items
        1. A whole empire walking: refugees in Russia during World War I - Peter Gatrell, American Council of Learned Societies 2005, c1999 (electronic resource)

          Book  See: especially introduction and chapters 1 and 7

        2. Critical companion to the Russian Revolution, 1914-1921 - Edward Acton, V. IU. Cherniaev, William G. Rosenberg c1997

          Book  See: Refugees in the Russian Empire, 1914–1917, pp. 554-64, available online.

        3. Hitler's Empire: Nazi rule in occupied Europe - Mark Mazower 2008

          Book  See: pp. 15-39 - available online.

  4. Semester 1, Week 3 16 items
    A: Modern state practices and the birth of the ‘refugee problem’. B: Armenian refugees in the 1920s.
    1. Key readings 2 items
      1. Documenting individual identity: the development of state practices in the modern world - Jane Caplan, John Torpey c2001

        Book Essential See: John Torpey, ‘The Great War and the Birth of the Modern Passport System’, available online.

      2. Displacement and dispossession in the modern Middle East - Dawn Chatty 2010 (electronic resource)

        Book  See: Chapter 4

    2. Further readings 14 items
      1. A. Modern state practices 3 items
        1. The making of the modern refugee - Peter Gatrell, Oxford University Press 2013

          Book  See: Chapter 2

        2. The unwanted: European refugees in the twentieth century - Michael R. Marrus 1985

          Book  See: Chapter 2, especially pp.51-81

        3. Week 2 readings on the first world war and mass displacement are also relevant here.

      2. B. Armenians 11 items
        1. Change and development in the Middle East: essays in honour of W.B. Fisher - John I. Clarke, Howard Bowen-Jones, W. B. Fisher 1981

          Book  See: Thomas Greenshields, ‘The Settlement of Armenian Refugees in Syria and Lebanon, 1915–1939’, pp. 233-241

        2. The unwanted: European refugees from the First World War through the Cold War - Michael R. Marrus 2002

          Book  See: Chapter 2, especially pp. 74-81, 109-121

        3. The British and French mandates in comparative perspectives - Nadine Méouchy, Peter Sluglett 2004

          Book  See: Keith David Watenpaugh, ‘Towards a New Category of Colonial Theory: Colonial Cooperation and the Survivors’ Bargain—The Case of the Post-Genocide Armenian Community of Syria under French Mandate’, pp. 597-622

        4. Bread from stones: the Middle East and the making of modern humanitarianism - Keith David Watenpaugh 2015

          Book 

  5. Semester 1, Week 4 17 items
    A: Russian refugees in the 1920s. B: Passports and why refugees needed them.
    1. Key readings 2 items
      1. The White Russian Army in exile, 1920-1941 - Paul Robinson, Oxford University Press 2002 (electronic resource)

        Book  See: especially Chapter 2

      2. The invention of the passport: surveillance, citizenship and the state - John Torpey 2000

        Book  See: Chapter 5.

    2. Further readings 15 items
      1. A. Russian refugees 8 items
        1. Constantinople: city of the world's desire, 1453-1924 - Philip Mansel c1995

          Book 

        2. The unwanted: European refugees from the First World War through the Cold War - Michael R. Marrus 2002

          Book  See: Chapter 2, especially pp. 53-61, 91-96

        3. The other Russia - Norman Stone, Michael Glenny 1990

          Book  See: especially Part 2. pp. 182 - 205 Available online.

        4. Critical companion to the Russian Revolution, 1914-1921 - Edward Acton, V. IU. Cherniaev, William G. Rosenberg c1997

          Book  See: Robert C. Williams, ‘The Emigration’ , pp. 507-514, available online.

      2. B. Passports 7 items
        1. Registration and recognition: documenting the person in world history - Keith Derek Breckenridge, Simon Szreter, British Academy 2012

          Book 

        2. Documenting individual identity: the development of state practices in the modern world - Jane Caplan, John Torpey c2001

          Book  See: The chapter by Torpey is a key reading, but the other pieces in this collection are very interesting for anyone wishing to explore this subject further

        3. The information state in England: the central collection of information on citizens since 1500 - Edward Higgs 2004

          Book  See: especially Introduction and Chapter 6. Chapter 6 available online.

        4. The refugee problem: report of a survey - John Hope Simpson, Royal Institute of International Affairs 1939

          Book  See: Chapters 10-12

  6. Semester 1, Week 5 13 items
    A: The population exchange between Greece and Turkey. B: Refugees and nation-building.
    1. Key Readings 2 items
      1. Crossing the Aegean: an appraisal of the 1923 compulsory population exchange between Greece and Turkey - Renee Hirschon, American Council of Learned Societies 2008 (electronic resource)

        Book Essential Chapters 1&2, Renée Hirschon, ‘‘Unmixing peoples’ in the Aegean region’ and ‘The consequences of the Lausanne convention: an overview’, are the key reading for seminar A. Chapter 7, by Ayhan Aktar, is a key reading for seminar B.

      2. Fields of wheat, hills of blood: passages to nationhood in Greek Macedonia, 1870-1990 - Anastasia N. Karakasidou, American Council of Learned Societies c1997 (electronic resource)

        Book  Chapter 6 is essential reading for this week's second seminar, but chapters 5-7 are very helpful.

    2. Further readings (relevant to both seminars) 11 items
      1. The making of the modern refugee - Peter Gatrell, Oxford University Press 2013

        Book Essential See: pp. 62-72

      2. Crossing the Aegean: an appraisal of the 1923 compulsory population exchange between Greece and Turkey - Renee Hirschon, American Council of Learned Societies 2008 (electronic resource)

        Book 

      3. Population exchange in Greek Macedonia: the rural settlement of refugees 1922-1930 - Elisabeth Kontogiorgi, Oxford University Press 2006 (electronic resource)

        Book 

      4. The unwanted: European refugees from the First World War through the Cold War - Michael R. Marrus 2002

        Book  See: pp. 96-109

      5. Salonica, city of ghosts: Christians, Muslims and Jews, 1430-1950 - Mark Mazower 2006

        Book  See: chapters 17-18. Chapter 18 available online.

  7. Semester 1, Week 6: reading week—no classes 0 items
  8. Semester 1, Week 7 10 items
    A: Refugees and the world circa 1930. B: The condition of statelessness.
    1. Key readings 2 items
      1. Refugees in inter-war Europe: the emergence of a regime - Claudena M. Skran, Oxford University Press 1995 (electronic resource)

        Book Essential See: Chapter 3

      2. The origins of totalitarianism - Hannah Arendt c2004

        Book Essential See: Chapter 5, available online.

    2. Further readings 8 items
      1. A: Refugees and the world c. 1930 5 items
        1. The making of the modern refugee - Peter Gatrell, Oxford University Press 2013

          Book  See: Chapter 2

        2. The unwanted: European refugees from the First World War through the Cold War - Michael R. Marrus 2002

          Book  See: pp. 109-121; chapter 3 more generally

      2. B. The condition of statelessness 3 items
        1. Refugees in international relations - Dawson Books 2011

          Book  See: Patricia Owens, ‘Beyond ‘bare life’: refugees and the ‘right to have rights’, pp. 133-150

  9. Semester 1, Week 8 20 items
    A. Jewish refugees from Nazi Germany in Europe and beyond. B: How the Nazis killed the international refugee regime.
    1. Key readings 2 items
      1. Flight from the Reich: refugee Jews, 1933-1946 - Deborah Dwork, R. J. van Pelt 2012, c2009

        Book Essential

      2. The unwanted: European refugees in the twentieth century - Michael R. Marrus 1985

        Book Essential See: Chapter 4, pp. 208-295, available online.

    2. Further readings 18 items
      These are relevant to both seminars, and are divided by geographical area.
      1. (i) Europe 5 items
        1. Refugees from Nazi Germany and the liberal European states - Frank Caestecker, Bob Moore c2010

          Book  NB–Part 2 of this book consists of four chapters by the editors which offer ‘A comparative analysis of immigration policies of liberal states in Western Europe and the flight from Nazi Germany’. The chapters in Part 1 offer individual case studies (actually going well beyond Europe).

        2. Whitehall and the Jews: British immigration policy, Jewish refugees, and the Holocaust, 1933-1948 - Louise London c2000

          Book  See: Chapters 2-6 but especially Chapter 3 which is available online.

      2. (ii) Palestine 3 items
        1. The modern Middle East: a history - James L. Gelvin 2016

          Book  See: Chapter 14 available online.

        2. Refugees from Nazi Germany and the liberal European states - Frank Caestecker, Bob Moore c2010

          Book  See: Aviva Halamish, ‘Palestine as a Destination for Jewish Immigrants and Refugees from Nazi Germany’, pp. 122-150, available online.

      3. (iii) Shanghai 10 items
        1. Yad vashem studies xxviii 2000 - Silberklang 2004

          Book  See: Avraham Altman and Irene Eber, ‘Flight to Shanghai 1938–1940: The Larger Setting’, pp. 51-86, available online.

        2. Refugees from Nazi Germany and the liberal European states - Frank Caestecker, Bob Moore c2010

          Book  See: pp. 109-121

        3. Exodus to Shanghai: stories of escape from the Third Reich - Steve Hochstadt 2012

          Book  NB—Many interviews carried out by Hochstadt can be heard on the Bates College library website.

        4. Japanese, Nazis & Jews: the Jewish refugee community of Shanghai, 1938-1945 - David Kranzler 1988, c1976

          Book 

  10. Semester 1, Week 9 19 items
    Other refugees in the 1930s. A: Assyrians in Iraq and beyond. B: Spanish Republicans.
    1. Key readings 2 items
    2. Further readings 17 items
      1. A. Assyrians in Iraq and beyond 10 items
        1. The refugee problem: report of a survey - John Hope Simpson, Royal Institute of International Affairs 1939

          Book  See: Chapter 4, available online.

        2. A history of Iraq - Charles Tripp 2007

          Book  See: Chapters 2 and 3 but especially pp.72-78

        3. Contemporary plans to resettle the Assyrians 4 items
          1. The Assyrians - Philip Mumford, H. StJ. B. Philby 10/1933

            Article 

      2. B. Spanish Republicans 7 items
        1. Beyond death and exile: the Spanish Republicans in France, 1939-1955 - Louis Stein 1979

          Book  See: especially Chapters 1-6. Chapter 4, pp. 55-75 available online.

        2. Women's voices from the Spanish Civil War - Jim Fyrth, Sally Alexander 1991

          Book  See: Parts 6 & 7. Part 6 available online.

        3. Homage to the Spanish exiles: voices from the Spanish Civil War - Nancy Macdonald c1987

          Book  See: Chapter 6.

        4. The unwanted: European refugees from the First World War through the Cold War - Michael R. Marrus 2002

          Book  See: Chapter 3, especially pp. 190–194.

        5. The refugee problem: report of a survey - John Hope Simpson, Royal Institute of International Affairs 1939

          Book  See: Chapter 8

  11. Semester 1, Week 10 29 items
    The second world war and its aftermath. A. Europe. B. East Asia
    1. Key Readings 1 item
      1. The making of the modern refugee - Peter Gatrell, Oxford University Press 2013

        Book Essential See: Chapters 3 & 6

    2. Further Readings 28 items
      1.  

         

        NB - Note here several articles drawn from two important collections, one on 'Relief in the Aftermath of War' (from Journal of Contemporary History) and one on 'Post-war reconstruction in Europe' (a Past & Present supplement). There are also a couple from a 2012 issue of Journal of Refugee Studies on 'The refugee in the postwar world' that we'll be seeing more of later.

      2. The unwanted: European refugees from the First World War through the Cold War - Michael R. Marrus 2002

        Book Essential See: Chapter 5

      3. In war's wake: Europe's displaced persons in the postwar order - Gerard Daniel Cohen, Oxford University Press c2012 (electronic resource)

        Book 

      4.  

         

        There are also many relevant articles in these two edited volumes:

      5. The expulsion of Germans from central and eastern Europe 3 items
        1. After the expulsion: West Germany and Eastern Europe, 1945-1990 - Pertti Ahonen, Oxford University Press 2003 (electronic resource)

          Book 

        2. Fires of hatred: ethnic cleansing in twentieth-century Europe - Norman M. Naimark 2001

          Book  See: Chapter 4, available online.

      6. China 7 items
        1. The making of the modern refugee - Peter Gatrell, Oxford University Press 2013

          Book  See: Chapter 6

        2. Wuhan, 1938: war, refugees, and the making of modern China - Stephen R. MacKinnon, Robert Capa c2008 (electronic resource)

          Book  See: especially Chapter 4

        3. In a sea of bitterness: refugees during the Sino-Japanese War - R. Keith Schoppa c2011

          Book 

      7. Historiography 2 items
        A couple of readings on how the history of displacement in this period is written.
  12. Semester 1, week 11 - POSTER PRESENTATIONS, no set readings 0 items
  13. Semester 2, week 1 0 items
    This week focuses on a recap of the first semester and an overview of the second.
  14. Semester 2, week 2 15 items
    A. Israel/Palestine. B. India/Pakistan
    1. Key Readings 6 items
      1. Life lived in relief: humanitarian predicaments and Palestinian refugee politics - Ilana Feldman 2018

        Book 

      2. Refugees of the revolution: experiences of Palestinian exile - Diana Allan 2014

        Book 

      3. The Oxford handbook of refugee and forced migration studies 2014

        Book  See: Susan Akram, ‘UNRWA and Palestinian refugees’, pp. 227-240

      4. The other side of silence: voices from the partition of India - Urvashi Butalia, American Council of Learned Societies 2000 (electronic resource)

        Book 

      5. The making of the modern refugee - Peter Gatrell, Oxford University Press 2013

        Book Essential See: Chapters 4 & 5

    2. Further readings 9 items
      1. A. Israel/Palestine 5 items
        1. Displacement and dispossession in the modern Middle East - Dawn Chatty 2010 (electronic resource)

          Book  See: Chapter 5

        2. The birth of the Palestinian refugee problem revisited - Benny Morris c2004

          Book 

        3. Removing peoples: forced removal in the modern world - German Historical Institute in London 2009

          Book  See: Explaining Transfer: Zionist Thinking and the Creation of the Palestinian Refugee Problem, pp. 349-357

      2. B. India/Pakistan 4 items
        1. Removing peoples: forced removal in the modern world - German Historical Institute in London 2009

          Book  See: Gyanendra Pandey, ‘Nobody’s People: the Dalits of Punjab in the Forced Removal of 1947’, pp.297-319, available online.

        2. The partition of India - Ian Talbot, Gurharpal Singh 2009

          Book  See: especially Chapter 4

        3. Removing peoples: forced removal in the modern world - German Historical Institute in London 2009

          Book  See: Ian Talbot, ‘The 1947 Partition of India and Migration: a Comparative Study of Punjab and Bengal’, pp. 321-347

  15. Semester 2, week 3 11 items
    A. Hungarian refugees in 1956. B. UNHCR.
    1. Key readings 2 items
      1. The Oxford handbook of refugee and forced migration studies 2014

        Book  See: —‘UNHCR and Forced Migration’, pp. 215-226

    2. Further readings 9 items
      1. A. Hungarian refugees 8 items
      2. B. 1951/UNHCR 1 item
        1. The UNHCR and world politics: a perilous path - Gil Loescher, Oxford University Press 2001 (electronic resource)

          Book  See: Chapters 2-3

  16. Semester 2, week 4 14 items
    Cold war refugees in Asia. A. Chinese refugees after the civil war. B. Southeast Asian population displacements.
    1. Key readings 2 items
      1. Elusive refuge: Chinese migrants in the Cold War - Laura Madokoro, Askews & Holts Library Services 2016

        Book 

      2. The making of the modern refugee - Peter Gatrell, Oxford University Press 2013

        Book  See: Chapter 7.

    2. Further readings 12 items
      1. A. Chinese refugees 12 items
      2. B. Southeast Asia 0 items
  17. Semester 2, week 5 1 item
    1. Key readings 1 item
      1. Escape from violence: conflict and the refugee crisis in the developing world - Aristide R. Zolberg, Astri Suhrke, Sergio Aguayo 1989 (electronic resource)

        Book  See: Chapter 9

    2. Further readings 0 items
  18. Semester 2, week 6: reading week—no classes 0 items
  19. Semester 2, week 7 1 item
    Legal texts
    1. Key readings 1 item
      1. The Oxford handbook of refugee and forced migration studies 2014

        Book  See: Guy S. Goodwin-Gill, ‘The International Law of Refugee Protection’, pp. 36-47

  20. Semester 2, week 8 2 items
    Refugee narratives
    1. Key readings 2 items
      1. Memories: from Moscow to the Black Sea - N. A. Tėffi 2016

        Book 

  21. Semester 2, week 9 2 items
    Images and representations
  22. Semester 2, week 10 26 items
    Camps and humanitarianism
    1. Key readings 6 items
      1. City of thorns: nine lives in the world's largest refugee camp - Ben Rawlence 2016

        Book 

      2. Voices from the 'Jungle': stories from the Calais refugee camp - Africa 2017

        Book  See: Chapter 3 ‘Living in the ‘Jungle’: Arriving, exploring, and settling in’

    2. Further readings: 14 items
      1. Purity and exile: violence, memory, and national cosmology among Hutu refugees in Tanzania - Liisa H. Malkki 1995

        Book 

      2. A History of Humanitarianism - Silvia Salvatici 2019

        Book 

      3. The jungle: Calais's camps and migrants - Michel Agier, Yasmine Bouagga, Maël Galisson, Cyrille Hanappe 2019, ©2019

        Book 

    3. Internment of refugees (and others), then and now 6 items
      1. The Harkis: the wound that never heals - Vincent Crapanzano 2011

        Book  See: Chapter 5

      2. Of Refugees and Camps: Spatial Practices of Refugee Management in Post-World War II Europe - Anna Holian

        Article  Unpublished paper, circulated by permission of the author

      3. Scum of the earth - Arthur Koestler 2006

        Book  See: especially part 2, ‘Purgatory’

      4. The internment of aliens - François Lafitte 1940

        Book 

      5. Journal of Refugee Studies: Special Issue: What is Camp? June 2016

        Journal  See: All articles in this Special Issue