1. Background reading list 39 items
    1. As a Masters level course, this module involves appropriately advanced reading and discussion about criminal justice. A detailed reading list for each seminar topic is provided in the programme below. The readings are extensive, and you can choose to read as many of the given readings as you wish. However, if you have not studied criminal justice before (or it has been several years since you last studied it, or you studied it in another country and the approach was very different) you may need to familiarise yourself with more basic introductions to criminal justice in order to be able to get the most from this course. The following resources may therefore be of use to you:

    2. Books 18 items
      1. Globalization & crime - Katja Franko Aas 2013


      2. Technologies of inSecurity: the surveillance of everyday life - Katja Franko Aas, Helene Oppen Gundhus, Heidi Mork Lomell 2009


      3. Security games: surveillance and control at mega-events - Colin J. Bennett, Kevin D. Haggarty 2011


      4. Contemporary security studies - Alan Collins 2016


      5. Transnational organised crime: perspectives on global security - Adam Edwards, Peter Gill 2003


      6. Understanding global security - Peter Hough 2013


      7. Governing security: explorations in policing and justice - Les Johnston, Clifford D. Shearing 2003


      8. Civilizing security - Ian Loader, Neil Walker 2007


      9. Surveillance in the time of insecurity - Torin Monahan c2010


      10. Handbook of transnational crime and justice - Philip L. Reichel, Jay S. Albanese 2014


      11. Transnational and comparative criminology - J. W. E. Sheptycki, Ali Wardak 2006, c2005


      12. Print version also available:

      13. Security studies: an introduction - Paul Williams 2013


      14. Imagining security - Jennifer Wood, Clifford D. Shearing 2011, c2007


      15. Security - Lucia Zedner 2009


    3. Journals 16 items
      1. Another useful way to familiarise yourself with the breadth and scope of crime, justice, and security is by browsing relevant journals – this is particularly important for your essays. The latest volumes of many of the following journals are now available on the web, with full texts accessible through the university library catalogue system ( Hard copies are held in the library:

      2. The Australian & New Zealand journal of criminology - Australian and New Zealand Society of Criminology, EBSCO Publishing (Firm), Thomson Gale (Firm)


      3. British journal of criminology - Institute for the Study and Treatment of Delinquency (Great Britain), Centre for Crime and Justice Studies (Great Britain), British Society of Criminology, Oxford University Press


      4. Criminology - American Society of Criminology, William S. Hein & Company


      5. European journal of criminology - European Society of Criminology, William S. Hein & Company


      6. International journal of comparative and applied criminal justice - Wichita State University. Department of Administration of Justice


      7. Social & legal studies - William S. Hein & Company


      8. Surveillance & society - Surveillance Studies Network, EBSCO Publishing (Firm)


      9. Trends in organized crime - National Strategy Information Center, EBSCO Publishing (Firm), SpringerLink (Online service)


    4. Websites 4 items
      1. Websites are important sources of information for criminologists, particularly in terms of accessing current policy issues, new legislation and up-to-date statistics. However, in terms of your course work, it is unlikely that you will be able to construct a rounded discussion that is informed by a sound theoretical and critical knowledge base from this alone. Please be aware that assignments that rely entirely on internet sources and make no reference to the relevant sociological/ criminological literature (indicated in the reading lists provided below) are likely to be marked as a fail.


        The most important thing to think about when using a website is academic validity. Unlike information in academic textbooks and journals, which tends to have been through process of peer review, data derived from websites can be of dubious validity. Questions that you need to ask include: Where does this information come from? What is the evidence to back up the claims made?


        With these caveats in mind, the following sites include information of interest to the module:

  2. Seminar 1: Course introduction. Theorising security in a global context: the role of criminology 16 items
    1. In what Lucia Zedner (2000) has termed the rise of a 'security society', the breaking down of constitutional barriers between police, military, and intelligence agencies, the normalisation of security arrangements at theatres, cinemas, shopping malls, and schools, the pervasive use of 'high tech' surveillance equipment, the introduction of identity checks and the ubiquity of uniformed security guards, are all justified in the pursuit of security. A diverse variety of theoretical perspectives have been utilised to conceptualise, analyse, and criticise 'security' – the term itself has multiple meanings – and different disciplines have theorised, researched, and used the term in quite different ways. Criminologists have only relatively recently turned their attention to security and, in particular, to the domain of 'human security' which has as its focus people and their personal, societal and environmental protection. This introductory seminar discusses the ways in which the criminological lens is focusing on security in a way that is quite different to the previously dominant analyses of the idea of security provided by international relations scholars.




      Why should criminologists study security?


      Discussion Points


      • How does a criminological perspective on 'security' differ from other theoretical and philosophical perspectives?
      • What are the main global threats that criminology seems best placed to address? Are there some global security threats which seem ill-suited to a criminological analysis?

    2. Key readings 3 items
      1. The Concept of Security - David A. Baldwin 1997

        Article Essential

    3. Further readings 12 items
      1. Globalization & crime - Katja Franko Aas 2013

        Book Further See: Chapters 1 and 2.

      2. Criminology in the face of flows: reflections on contemporary policing and security - Anthony Amicelle, Karine Côté-Boucher, Benoît Dupont, Massimiliano Mulone 03/07/2017

        Article Further

      3. The Future(s) of Security Studies - Adam Crawford, Steven Hutchinson 2016

        Article Further

      4. Toward a Critical Anthropology of Security - Daniel M. Goldstein 2010

        Article Further See: especially Hugh Gusterson's comment at the end, at p. 507.

      5. The Sage dictionary of criminology - Eugene McLaughlin, John Muncie 2013

        Book Further See: Virta, Sirpa. Security.

      6. Imagining security - Jennifer Wood, Clifford D. Shearing 2011, c2007

        Book Further See: Wood, Jennifer & Shearing, Clifford. Human security and global governance.

      7. Crime, risk and insecurity: law and order in everyday life and political discourse - Tim Hope, Richard Sparks 2000

        Book Further See: Zedner, Lucia. The pursuit of security.

      8. Security - Lucia Zedner 2009

        Book Further See: Chapters 1, 2 and 3.

  3. Seminar 2: Surveillance society 19 items
    1. Surveillance technologies (importing a litany of technologies, including CCTV, digital footprints, bio-metrics, facial recognition, identity cards, and so forth) have proliferated in recent years. Surveillance is no longer merely tied to specific institutions or locations (shopping malls, airports, city streets) but is a global phenomenon over which most of us have little or no control. Surveillance is considered by some as a central means by which to achieve 'security', yet the ubiquity of surveillance raises important questions about whose 'security' is being protected and whose undermined; whether surveillance provides a means to deter crime and manage security risks, or; whether it undermines civil liberties and reinforces social divisions. Some have questioned whether countries such as the United Kingdom have been 'sleepwalking into a surveillance society'. In this seminar, we will situate contemporary surveillance practices within a historical context, and discuss the emergence of new forms of 'mass surveillance' as detailed by whistle-blowers such as Edward Snowden.




      'The proliferation of new surveillance technologies and practices – including mass surveillance – assist in keeping people safe from crime'. Discuss this claim with reference to the 'balance' between security and liberty.


      Discussion Points


      • In your view, are privacy and individual freedom under threat from surveillance?
      • What might be the consequences of utilising technological 'solutions' to social problems?

    2. Key readings 2 items
      1. The surveillant assemblage - Kevin D. Haggerty, Richard V. Ericson 2000

        Article Essential

    3. Further readings 16 items
      1. Technologies of inSecurity: the surveillance of everyday life - Katja Franko Aas, Helene Oppen Gundhus, Heidi Mork Lomell 2009

        Book Further

      2. Security games: surveillance and control at mega-events - Colin J. Bennett, Kevin D. Haggarty 2011

        Book Further

      3. Reclaiming the streets: surveillance, social control, and the city - Roy Coleman 2004

        Book Further

      4. New directions in surveillance and privacy - B. J. Goold, Daniel Neyland 2009

        Book Further

      5. The new politics of surveillance and visibility - Richard V. Ericson, Kevin D. Haggerty c2006

        Book Further See: Chapters 1 and 2.

      6. The electronic eye: the rise of surveillance society - David Lyon 1994

        Book Further

      7. Surveillance society: monitoring everyday life - David Lyon 2001

        Book Further

      8. Theorizing surveillance: the panopticon and beyond - David Lyon c2006

        Book Further

      9. Surveillance after Snowden - David Lyon 2015

        Book Further

      10. Surveillance in the time of insecurity - Torin Monahan c2010

        Book Further

      11. Surveillance in Europe - David Wright, Reinhard Kreissl 2015

        Book Further

      12. Global surveillance and policing: borders, security, identity - Elia Zureik, Mark B. Salter 2005

        Book Further

  4. Seminar 3: Terrorism, extremism, and political violence 19 items
    1. Terrorism, extremism and political violence have, in recent years, come to dominate political discussions in ways which are thought by some to side-line fundamental human rights, civil liberties, and democratic principles. The threats from 'new' forms of terrorism have, for example, led to securitisation responses in policing and in penal and other law which have considerably enlarged state power. In response to the problem of terrorism, states have brought in special legislation and emergency powers, including broader police powers and tougher immigration and asylum law and procedures. In this seminar, we consider the social and political construction of security in contemporary policy-relevant discourse, and examine the treatment of security issues in policy debates.




      Is it plausible to entirely separate issues of national security from those of domestic security and community safety? Discuss with reference to terrorism, political violence and/or extremism.


      Discussion Points


      • How and why has security come to be such a trump card in decisions about aspects of civil life that might previously have been decided with reference to other values and goals?
      •  To what extent do current terrorist threats represent 'new' forms of terrorism?
      • What are the social effects of this heightened politicisation of security questions?

    2. Key readings 3 items
    3. Further readings 15 items
      1. Extremism, counter-terrorism and policing 2016

        Book Further Several chapters here may be of interest.

      2. The Ashgate research companion to political violence - Marie Smyth c2012

        Book Further See: Gregory, Frank. Intelligence and political violence: the case of counter-terrorism.

      3. The handbook of the criminology of terrorism - Gary LaFree, Joshua D. Freilich 2017

        Book Further See: LaFree, Gary & Joshua Freilich. Bringing criminology into the study of terrorism

      4. How scared are we? - Sandra Walklate, Gabe Mythen 2008

        Article Further

  5. Seminar 4: Migration, immigration, and 'crimmigration' 16 items
    1. Globalisation has brought forth new patterns and flows of migration. In recent years, immigration has become a fraught area of public policy where concerns about asylum and immigration have become linked with concerns about crime and security. New threats are perceived to be increasing as a result of the accelerated movement of people – a movement which is linked to other global threats such as climate change, international conflict and genocide, as well as to economic forces which make life chances better in richer developed nations. So too the criminalisation of issues such as migration – or 'crimmigration control' – is a means by which the public police can reclaim these problems through the discourses of 'crime' and legitimate use of force. In other words, in attempts to predict future harms or to make 'the future knowable' a securitization of society has had to happen, where everything becomes subject to risk management in the hopes of mitigating the problem. In this seminar, we will discuss the nature of migration and migration control, particularly the way in which this issue is framed as a security issue by state forces, within broader political contexts where migration is largely viewed as a global security threat.




      Detail and critically appraise the contemporary responses to the issue of mass migration, such as the increased securitisation and/or criminalization of this phenomenon. Situate this response within the wider regional and global context, and assess the strengths and weaknesses of the overall approach.


      Discussion Points


      • Has globalisation had any appreciable impact on the nature of crime and control?
      • Why do people move from one country to another to live?
      • What are the issues this population movement raises?
      • What are the various ways countries try to control this population movement?
      • What are the crime and security-related threats which arise out of 'irregular' population movement?

    2. Key readings 3 items
    3. Further readings 12 items
      1. The borders of punishment: migration, citizenship, and social exclusion - Oxford University Press 2013

        Book Further See: Bowling, B. - 'The borders of punishment: Towards a criminology of mobility'.

      2. (Cr)immigrant framing in border areas: decision-making processes of Dutch border police officers - Jelmer Brouwer, Maartje van der Woude, Joanne van der Leun 04/05/2018

        Article Further

      3. Crimmigration - Steve Garner 01/2015

        Article Further

      4. The Routledge handbook of international crime and justice studies - Bruce A. Arrigo, Heather Y. Bersot 2014

        Book Further See: Gerard, A. & Sharon P. - 'Crimmigration: Criminal justice, refugee protection and the securitisation of migration'.

      5. The Routledge handbook on crime and international migration 2015

        Book Further See: Pickering, S. & Bosworth, M. & Franko, K. - 'The criminology of mobility'.

      6. Valiant beggars and global vagabonds - Leanne Weber, Benjamin Bowling 08/2008

        Article Further

  6. Seminar 5: Global protests and state responses 17 items
    1. Most countries have experienced protest action in one form or another either in response to the decisions or (in-)actions of government and/or private sector business; external factors (such as food price increases); intra-community dynamics and conflicts; or the outcome of elections. The literature on protest violence, in particular, suggests that violence at protest events is often the result of a dynamic process resulting from the interaction between the security forces and protestors. The majority view is that if the security forces (police) use force against protestors, then the protestors are likely to respond with violence. Such violence has, for example, emerged within the context of public marches; rallies; demonstrations, looting and labour strikes; and can, for instance, take the form of fighting, assault, sabotage, arson and even armed violence. In this seminar, we will reflect on the rise of so-called global protests, the factors that may contribute to them turning violent, such as the role of the state in responding to protest action, but also the broader socio-economic and political climate contributing to the increase in global movements and violent protests.




      There are a range of factors that may give rise to protest action, however, not all protests are violent. Critically reflect on the criminological explanations for why protests turn violent. Given the diversity of types of protest action, you may use an empirical case study to make your argument.


      Discussion Points


      • What factors have contributed to the increase in protests across the world as well as mass or global protest action? What are the nature of these protests?


      • Why are some protests violent or prone to violence, and not others? What role has the state played in this?


      • To what extent can the causes of mass or global protest action be addressed through securitization practices? What other ways of mitigating violent protests have been advanced?

    2. Key readings 3 items
      1. Laws against strikes: the South African experience in an international and comparative perspective 2015

        Book Essential See: Berg, Julie & Simon Howell. Running the gauntlet: Police strategies and responses to strike action.

      2. The policing of transnational protest - Abby Peterson 2016

        Book Essential See: Della Porta, Donatella & Herbert Reiter. The policing of global protest: The G8 at Genoa and its aftermath

      3. The Routledge international handbook of criminology and human rights 2017

        Book Essential See: Martin, G. - 'Criminalizing dissent: Social movements, public order policing and the erosion of protest rights'.

    3. Further readings 13 items
      1. A People's History of Riots, Protest and the Law: The Sound of the Crowd - Matt Clement, SpringerLink (Online service) 2017 (electronic resource)

        Book Further See: Clement, M. - 'The 2010s: A decade of riot and protest' and Clement, M. Scalia, V. - 1968: Protest and the growth of a critical criminology

      2. A People's History of Riots, Protest and the Law: The Sound of the Crowd - Matt Clement, SpringerLink (Online service) 2017 (electronic resource)

        Book Further See: 1968: Protest and the growth of a critical criminology.

      3. The SAGE handbook of global policing - Ebooks Corporation Limited 2016

        Book Further See: Kvan, A.& Della Porta, D. - 'Towards a global control? Policing and protest in a new century'

      4. Attitudes towards the Use of Violence against Police among Occupy Wall Street Protesters - Edward Maguire, Maya Barak, William Wells, Charles Katz 02/02/2018

        Article Further

      5. Protest and social movements in the developing world - Shin⁽ơichi Shigetomi, Kumiko Makino, Nihon Bo⁺ѕeki Shinko⁺ѕ Kiko⁺ѕ c2009

        Book Further See: Mochizuki, K. - 'Opposition movements and the youth in Nigeria’s oil-producing area: An inquiry into framing'

      6. Riot, unrest and protest on the global stage 2014

        Book Further See: Pakes, F. & Pritchard, D. - 'Exploring the global stage: Globalisation, riots, unrest and protest' and See: Waddington, D. - 'Policing political protest: Lessons of best practice from a major English city'

      7. Class & Protest in Africa: New Waves - David Seddon and Leo Zeilig 2005

        Article Further

      8. Riot, unrest and protest on the global stage 2014

        Book Further See: Policing political protest: Lessons of best practice from a major English city

  7. Seminar 6: Delivering security through private providers 20 items
    1. One of the most striking recent developments has been the massive expansion and globalisation of the private security sector. World-wide, the private security services market is valued at US$85 billion and has an annual growth rate of 6-8%. The increasing privatisation and globalisation of security, and the impact of the privatisation of day-to-day security services, has profound effects on the relationships between global and local actors, public and private authority and emerging structures of security governance.




      How are legitimacy and stability affected in nation-states when the core 'public good' of security is delivered by private, sometimes transnational, actors rather than the state? Discuss using examples.


      Discussion Points


      • Who is secured, or rendered less secure, by developments in private security provision?
      • What factors are driving the privatisation of security?
      • What are the impacts of private security on the authority of the sovereign state?
      • What are the implications of the emergence of a market in security services? In particular, what is the impact on social stratification, fragmentation and inequality.

    2. Key readings 3 items
      1. Liquid security - Lucia Zedner 08/2006

        Article Essential

    3. Further readings 16 items
      1. The politics of protection: sites of insecurity and political agency - Jef Huysmans, Andrew Dobson, Raia Prokhovnik 2006

        Book Further See: Abrahamsen, R. & Williams, M., 'Privatisation, globalisation and the politics of protection in South Africa'.

      2. Security beyond the state: private security in international politics - Rita Abrahamsen, Michael C. Williams, Ebooks Corporation Limited 2011 (electronic resource)

        Book Further Print copy also available at Main Library Level 6 Annexe Politics X280 ABR

      3. The policing web - Jean-Paul Brodeur, Oxford University Press 2010 (electronic resource)

        Article Further See: 'The police assemblage' and 'Private security'

      4. Governing security: explorations in policing and justice - Les Johnston, Clifford D. Shearing 2003

        Book Further

      5. The Oxford handbook of criminology - Mike Maguire, Rodney Morgan, Robert Reiner 2012

        Book Further See: Jones, T., 'Governing security: Pluralization, privatization, and polarization in crime control and policing'.

      6. Private security and public policing - Trevor Jones, Tim Newburn, Oxford University Press 1998 (electronic resource)

        Book Further

      7. Doing ‘dirty work’: Stigma and esteem in the private security industry - Cecilia Hansen Löfstrand, Bethan Loftus, Ian Loader 05/2016

        Article Further

      8. Private security as moral drama: a tale of two scandals - Cecilia Hansen Löfstrand, Bethan Loftus, Ian Loader 13/10/2018

        Article Further

  8. Seminar 7: Environmental security 19 items
    1. Environmental security and the concerns of 'green criminology' extend beyond the adequate provision of food and water; incorporating a broader concern for the protection and flourishing of the natural world. The impact of criminal activities on the environment, both directly and indirectly, have increasingly come into the purview of security actors and the agencies responsible for crime control. An interest with environmental crime and security have also become of larger concern to the public and policymakers. In this seminar, we will discuss the range of 'environmental crimes' – from environmental disasters to illegal poaching – and assess how the increasing intersection of such matters with security discourses and practices have impacted on communities, societies and the wider (natural) world.




      To what extent has the 'securitisation' of environmental issues and challenges contributed to, and influenced, national and transnational responses to such matters?


      Discussion Points


      • What is the value of adopting a 'green criminology' perspective to the issues of environmental security? Do other approaches, both criminological and otherwise, offer more convincing or useful analytical perspectives on these matters?



      • Is it useful to frame climate change and its associated issues (global warming, desertification, glacial melt) as matters of 'security'? If so, whose security does it affect and where does power lie in relation to such matters?


    2. Key readings 3 items
      1. Handbook of transnational environmental crime 2018

        Book Essential See: Elliott, L., 'The securitization of transnational environmental crime and the militarization of conservation'. Other chapters in this book may also be of interest.

      2. Criminology and the Anthropocene - Clifford Shearing 07/2015

        Article Essential

      3. Environmental crime and its victims: perspectives within green criminology 2017

        Book Essential Spapens, T., 'Invisible victims: The problem of policing environmental crime'.

    3. Further readings 15 items
      1. Environmental crime and social conflict: contemporary and emerging issues 2015

        Book Further See: Brisman, A., South, N. & White, R., 'Towards criminology of environmental-conflict relationships', and Paulson, N. et al., 'On harm and mediated space: The BP oil spill in the age of globalisation', and Wall, T. & McClanahan, B., 'Weaponising conservation in the ‘heart of darkness’: The war on poachers and the neo-colonial hunt'. Other chapters in this book may also be of interest.

      2. Environmental crime and criminality: theoretical and practical issues - Sally Mitchell Edwards, Terry D. Edwards, Charles B. Fields c1996

        Book Further See: 'An essay on environmental criminality'

      3. Environmental crime: a reader - R. D. White 2009

        Book Further See: Elliott, L., 'Transnational environmental crime in the Asia Pacific: An ‘un(der)securitized’ security problem?', and White, R. 'Environmental issues and the criminological imagination'.

      4. Greening criminology in the 21st century: contemporary debates and future directions in the study of environmental harm 2017

        Book Further Several chapters of this edited volume will be of interest.

      5. Environmental crime and its victims: perspectives within green criminology 2017

        Book Further See: Jarrell, M. & Ozymy, J., 'Communities as victims of environmental crime: Lessons from the field'

      6. Environmental crime and social conflict: contemporary and emerging issues 2015

        Book Further See:On harm and mediated space: The BP oil spill in the age of globalisation

      7. Environmental crime and social conflict: contemporary and emerging issues 2015

        Book Further See: Weaponising conservation in the ‘heart of darkness’: The war on poachers and the neo-colonial hunt

      8. Environmental crime: a reader - R. D. White 2014

        Book Further See: Environmental issues and the criminological imagination

  9. Seminar 8: Cyber security 21 items
    1. We live in a world in which people, organisations and agencies – public and private – are increasingly networked though computer systems. This increasingly networked world presents exciting opportunities for developing and maintaining social and commercial relationships across both distances and borders; however, it also creates new sites of insecurity and opportunities for criminals to exploit new technologies in furtherance of illegal activities. The range of these criminal activities conducted 'online' or otherwise through the exploitation of computer systems or related technologies is immense: from espionage and attempts to usurp democratic elections to online sexual exploitation and 'sextortion'. In this seminar, we will discuss the range of threats emerging from these online and networked spaces, as well as considering the range of responses by an array of actors to countering threats to cyber security.




      Critically discuss the claim that 'cyber crimes represent the most important but least well-understood contemporary security threat to democratic societies'.


      Discussion Points


      • To what extent have governments grasped the threat from cyber crime, and how have they responded?
      • What are the array of cyber crimes apparent on contemporary society, what are the core characteristics of such crimes, and how do they differ in (if at all) form other 'traditional' forms of crime?
      • How effective are current approaches to dealing with cyber crime and ensuring cyber security?

    2. Key readings 3 items
      1. Handbook of policing - Tim Newburn 2003

        Book Essential See: Jewkes, Y., 'Policing cybercrime'.

      2. Global environment of policing - Darren Palmer, Michael M. Berlin, Dilip K. Das c2012

        Book Essential See: Wall, D., 'Policing cybercrimes: Situating the public police in networks of security within cyberspace'.

      3. Handbook of Internet crime - Yvonne Jewkes, Majid Yar 2010

        Book Essential See: Yar, M., 'The private policing of internet crime'

    3. Further readings 17 items
      1. Cybercrime, Organized Crime, and Societal Responses: International Approaches - SpringerLink (Online service) 2017 (electronic resource)

        Book Further See: Bajovic, V., 'Criminal proceedings in cyberspace: The challenge of digital era', and Viano, E., 'Cybercrime: Definition, typology, and criminalization'.

      2. Cyber-Physical Security: Protecting Critical Infrastructure at the State and Local Level - SpringerLink (Online service) 2017 (electronic resource)

        Book Further See: Boes, S. and Leukfeldt, R., 'Fighting cybercrime: A joint effort'.

      3. Citizen co-production of cyber security: Self-help, vigilantes, and cybercrime - Lennon Y.C. Chang, Lena Y. Zhong, Peter N. Grabosky 03/2018

        Article Further

      4. Cyber crime and cyber terrorism investigator's handbook - Babak Akhgar, Andrew Staniforth, Francesca Bosco c2014 (electronic resource)

        Book Further See: Jahankhani, H., et al., 'Cybercrime classification and characteristics', and Sampson, F., 'Cyberspace: The new frontier for policing?'.

      5. Cyber crime, security and digital intelligence - Mark Johnson 2013

        Book Further

      6. Crime: local and global - Ebooks Corporation Limited 2014

        Book Further See: Neal, S., 'Cybercrime, transgression and virtual environments'.

      7. Cyber crime and cyber terrorism investigator's handbook - Babak Akhgar, Andrew Staniforth, Francesca Bosco c2014 (electronic resource)

        Book Further See: Cyberspace: The new frontier for policing?

      8. Handbook of Internet crime - Yvonne Jewkes, Majid Yar 2010

        Book Further See: Sandywell, B., 'On the globalisation of crime: The internet and new criminality'.

  10. Seminar 9: The security of mega-events 20 items
    1. In the post-9/11 era major sporting events are increasingly serving as catalysts for intensified investments and developments in security and surveillance. Mega-events trigger massive financial, symbolic and technological investment in security and surveillance practices that transform the surrounding social and physical landscapes. Drawing upon recent examples, including the 2014 Commonwealth Games in Glasgow, recent Olympic events and football world cups, this seminar explores the relationships between mega-events, safety, transformation and security.




      With reference to at least two specific examples, examine the extent to which security planning, provision and delivery at mega-events transforms existing security practices and creates a 'legacy' in host sites.


      Discussion Points


      • What are the major themes which arise in a consideration of security in the context of mega-events?
      • What aspects of security might be relevant to different groups affected by events like these?
      • How do the 'global' and the 'local' come together in the manifestation of security at mega-events?
      • How does the element of spectacle at the games interact with the security routines of the various public and private providers?

    2. Key readings 3 items
      1. Spectacular Security: Mega-Events and the Security Complex - Philip Boyle, Kevin D. Haggerty 09/2009

        Article Essential

      2. Security games: surveillance and control at mega-events - Colin J. Bennett, Kevin D. Haggarty 2011

        Book Essential See: Eick, V., ‘Secure our profits!’ The FIFATM in Germany 2006'.

    3. Further readings 16 items
      1. The Routledge handbook of international crime and justice studies - Bruce A. Arrigo, Heather Y. Bersot 2014

        Book Further See: Berg, J., et al., 'Global non-state auspices of security governance'.

      2. Security games: surveillance and control at mega-events - Colin J. Bennett, Kevin D. Haggarty 2011

        Book Further

      3. Global policing - Benjamin Bowling, J. W. E. Sheptycki 2012

        Book Further See: 'Global policing in practice'.

      4. Security, surveillance and geographical patterns at the 2010 FIFA World Cup in Johannesburg - Chiara Fonio, Giovanni Pisapia 09/2015

        Article Further Various other articles in this themed section of this issue of this journal may also be of interest

      5. Securing and sustaining the Olympic city: reconfiguring London for 2012 and beyond - Peter Fussey, Ebooks Corporation Limited c2011 (electronic resource)

        Book Further

      6. Global sport mega-events and the politics of mobility: the case of the London 2012 Olympics - Richard Giulianotti, Gary Armstrong, Gavin Hales, Dick Hobbs 03/2015

        Article Further

      7. Terrorism and the Olympics: major event security and lessons for the future - Anthony Richards, Peter Fussey, Andrew Silke 2011

        Book Further

  11. Seminar 10: The future of security and policing 13 items
    1. The future of security and policing


      In this concluding seminar, we will look back on the themes of the course and reflect on possible future scenarios of security and policing. Will we be experiencing more of the same? An amplification of current policing styles and strategies? Or a radical departure from what we have been familiar with in light of the nature of the polycrisis? In particular, we will reflect on increases in securitization and risk governance in the face of global security threats and the human rights implications of this, as well as the increasingly plural and polycentric nature of policing, and what this means for the regulation and governance of policing.




      "Good governance of security cannot be reduced to the imposition or re-imposition of state authority over policing for the simple reason that 'the state' – as a unified, authoritative, exclusively public body, with an in-built capacity to exercise sovereign control – is becoming a fiction." (Les Johnston 1999 Private Policing in Context, p. 192). In light of this statement, critically discuss the implications of holding plural or polycentric policing accountable.  


      Discussion Points


      • What are the implications of 'polycentric', local-global policing for upholding security for the public good or in line with human rights principles?


      •  How do we hold polycentric security networks accountable?


      • In the name of security and the governance of risk, whose human rights trump others? Who has the power to decide? What are the implications of this?


      • What are the possible future roles for the public police in the age of the polycrisis, given the nature of new (and old) global security challenges? 

    2. Key Readings 3 items
      1. Human rights implications of new developments in policing - Stéphane Leman-Langlois, Clifford Shearing, Liora Lazarus, Alenka Obal 2009

        Document Essential

      2. Transformations of policing - Alistair Henry, David John Smith, University of Edinburgh. Centre for Law and Society 2007

        Book Essential See: Shearing, Clifford, Policing our future

    3. Further Reading 9 items
      1. Risk society: towards a new modernity - Ulrich Beck c1992

        Book Further See: Part 1: The politics of knowledge in the risk society

      2. Security and human rights - B. J. Goold, Liora Lazarus, Colloquium on Security and Human Rights 2007

        Book Further See: Lazarus, Liora & Benjamin Goold: Introduction: Security and human rights: The search for a language of reconciliation

      3. Handbook of policing - Tim Newburn 2008

        Book Further See: Newburn, Tim: The future of policing.

      4. The securitization of society: crime, risk and social order - Marc Schuilenburg, George Hall, David Garland 2018

        Book Further

      5. The Relational Geographies of Policing and Security - Richard Yarwood, Till Paasche 06/2015

        Article Further