globe
  1. Online Resources 15 items
    1. The Crusader States - The Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem, 1099-1291

      Website  This is a fantastic resource for all things Crusader States, run out of Fordham University. I highly recommend the podcasts, which cover a number of elements discussed in this course.

  2. Core textbooks and general overviews 28 items
    1. Textbooks 4 items
      1. ESSENTIALS 2 items
        1. Crusading and the crusader states - Andrew Jotischky 2004

          Book Essential See: Chapter 5.

        2. The Crusades: Islamic perspectives - Carole Hillenbrand c1999

          Book Essential See: Chapter 6, available online. WIKI

      2. The crusades: a history - Jonathan Simon Christopher Riley-Smith 2014

        Book 

    2. Overviews 13 items
      1. ESSENTIALS 4 items
        1. The crusader states - Peter W. Edbury

          Chapter Essential

        2. The crusader states and their neighbours, 1098-1291 - P. M. Holt 2004

          Book Essential See: Introduction, pp. 1-11, available online.

        3. The Latin east, 1098-1205 - Hans Eberhard Mayer

          Chapter Recommended

        4. The race for paradise: an Islamic history of the Crusades - Paul M. Cobb 2014

          Book Essential See: pp. 9-35, 'The Abode of Islam'.

      2. The crusader states - Malcolm Barber c2012 (electronic resource)

        Book Recommended

      3. God's war: a new history of the Crusades - Christopher Tyerman 2006

        Book Recommended See: Tyerman, C., East is east and east is west : Outremer in the twelfth century, pp. 212-240, available online.

      4. Europe and the Islamic world: a history - John Victor Tolan, Gilles Veinstein, Henry Laurens, Jane Marie Todd c2013

        Book Recommended

      5. The world of the crusaders - Joshua Prawer 1972

        Book Recommended

      6. The Latin kingdom of Jerusalem - Jean Richard 1979

        Book Recommended

      7. The Crusaders in Syria and the Holy Land - R. C. Smail 1973

        Book Recommended

      8. The Latin Orient - Filip Van Tricht

        Chapter Recommended

    3. Essay collections 11 items
      1. A History of the Crusades, vol. 1: The first hundred years - Marshall Whithed Baldwin 1969 (electronic resource)

        Book 

      2. The Crusades: the essential readings - Thomas F. Madden 2002

        Book 

      3. Palgrave advances in the Crusades - Helen J. Nicholson 2005 (electronic resource)

        Book 

      4. Outremer: studies in the history of the crusading kingdom of Jerusalem presented to Joshua Prawer - Joshua Prawer, B. Z. Kedar, R. C. Mayer, R. C. Smail 1982

        Book 

      5. Crusaders and Muslims in twelfth-century Syria - Maya Shatzmiller c1993

        Book 

      6. Crusade and settlement: papers read at the First Conference of the Society for the Study of the Crusades and the Latin East and presented to R.C. Smail - R. C. Smail, P. W. Edbury, Society for the Study of the Crusades and the Latin East 1985

        Book 

      7. The impact of the Crusades on the Near East - Norman P. Zacour, Harry W. Hazard 1985 (electronic resource)

        Book 

  3. Reference texts 11 items
    1. The Crusades: an encyclopedia - Alan V. Murray 2006

      Book 

    2. The Cambridge history of Islam - P. M. Holt, Bernard Lewis, Ann K. S. Lambton 1970

      Book 

    3. The Cambridge history of Islam: Vol. 2 - P. M. Holt, Bernard Lewis, Ann K. S. Lambton 1977, c1970

      Book 

    4. The new Cambridge medieval history - Rosamond McKitterick 1995-2005

      Book 

    5. The Cambridge history of Egypt: Vol. 1: Islamic Egypt, 640-1517 - Carl F. Petry 1998

      Book 

    6. Christian-Muslim relations: a bibliographical history - David Thomas, Barbara Roggema, Juan Pedro Monferrer Sala, Alexander Mallett 2009-

      Book 

    7. Byzantines and crusaders in non-Greek sources, 1025-1204 - Mary Whitby 2007

      Book 

  4. Sources 83 items
    1. The Evidence for Medieval History

      Chapter 

    2. LATIN 17 items
      1. William of Tyre: historian of the Latin East - P. W. Edbury, J. G. Rowe 1988

        Book 

      2. The Old French William of Tyre - Philip Handyside 2015

        Book 

      3. Letters from the East: crusaders, pilgrims and settlers in the 12th-13th centuries - Malcolm Barber, A. K. Bate 2010

        Book 

      4. Bullarium Hellenicum: Pope Honorius III's Letters to Frankish Greece and Constantinople - Christopher Duba, William O. ; Schabel 2015

        Book 

      5. The Antiochene wars: a translation and commentary - Walter the Chancellor 1999

        Book Recommended

      6. De Constructione Castri Saphet (translation) - Hugh Kennedy

        Chapter Essential Available online.

      7. The 'Templar of Tyre': Part III of the 'Deeds of the Cypriots' - Chronique du templier de Tyr. English c2003 (edtied by)

        Book 

    3. ARABIC 20 items
      1. Arab historians of the Crusades - Francesco Gabrieli 1989 (electronic resource)

        Book 

      2. The book of contemplation: Islam and the Crusades - Usamah ibn Munqidh 2008

        Book 

      3. Usama ibn Munqidh: warrior-poet of the age of Crusades - Paul M. Cobb 2005

        Book 

      4. An original Arabic document from Crusader Antioch (1213 AD) - Nadia Jamil, Jeremy Johns 2003

        Chapter 

      5. The Damascus Chronicle of the Crusades - Abū Yaʻlā Ḥamzah ibn Asad Ibn al-Qalānisī 1932

        Book 

      6. The chronicle of Ibn al-Athīr for the crusading period from al-Kāmil fīʼl-taʼrīkh - ʻIzz al-Dīn Ibn al-Athīr, D. S. Richards 2006-2007

        Book 

      7. The rare and excellent history of Saladin, or, al-Nawadir al-Sultaniyya wa'l-Mahasin al-Yusufiyya - Bahāʼ al-Dīn Yusuf ibn Rāfiʻ Ibn Shaddād, D. S. Richards c2002

        Book 

      8. The Book of Arousing Souls to Visit Jerusalem's Holy Walls - Burhan ad-Din Ibn al-Firkah al-Fazari 1949

        Chapter 

    4. ARMENIAN 3 items
    5. SYRIAC 3 items
      1. The Chronicle of Michael the Great, Patriarch of the Syrians

        Webpage  English translation of Armenian version of the Chronicle of Michael the Syrian.

    6. JEWISH 4 items
      1. The itinerary of Benjamin of Tudela - Marcus Nathan Adler, Benjamin 1907

        Book 

      2. Jewish travellers - Elkan Nathan Adler 1930

        Book  Contains the accounts of Rabbi Jacob Ben H. Nathaniel Ha Cohen; Rabbi Petachia of Ratisbon; Rabbi Samuel ben Samson

    7. GREEK 6 items
      1. A Constantinopolitan Poet views Frankish Antioch - Elizabeth Jeffreys, Michael Jeffreys

        Article 

      2. Deeds of John and Manuel Comnenus - Iōannēs Kinnamos 1976 (electronic resource)

        Book 

      3. The Alexiad - Anna Comnena c1969

        Book 

      4. Anna Comnena: a study - Georgina Buckler 1929

        Book 

    8. SOURCE COLLECTIONS 6 items
      1. The Crusades: a documentary survey - James A. Brundage c1962

        Book 

      2. The Crusades: a reader 2014

        Book 

      3. Letters from the East: crusaders, pilgrims and settlers in the 12th-13th centuries - Malcolm Barber, A. K. Bate c2010

        Book  Esp. pp. 39-42, 127-146, 151-156

    9. PILGRIM AND TRAVELER ACCOUNTS 23 items
      1. ESSENTIALS 2 items
        1. The Medieval Travel Narrative - Paul Zumthor, Catherine Peebles 23/1994

          Article Essential

      2. IMPORTANT BACKGROUND 2 items
      3. Jerusalem pilgrimage 1099-1185 - John Wilkinson, Joyce Hill, W. F. Ryan, Hakluyt Society 1988

        Book  Includes translations of Saewulf; Daniel the Abbot; Nikulas the Abbot; John of Wurzburg; Theoderic; Joannes Phocas

      4. Pilgrimage to Jerusalem and the Holy Land, 1187-1291 - Denys Pringle c2012

        Book  Includes translations of Wilbrand of Oldenbour; Thietmar; Ernoul's Chronicle (extracts); Greek Anonymous I; Burchardt of Mont Sion; Riccoldo of Monte Croce

      5. The itinerary of Benjamin of Tudela - Marcus Nathan Adler, Benjamin 1907

        Book 

      6. The Book of Arousing Souls to Visit Jerusalem's Holy Walls - Burhan ad-Din Ibn al-Firkah al-Fazari 1949

        Chapter 

  5. Muslim background 13 items
    1. (a) The Islamic world at the time of the crusade 7 items
      1. ESSENTIALS 2 items
        1. Zengids, Ayyubids and Seljuqs - S. Humphreys

          Chapter Essential

      2. The age of the Seljuqs 2015

        Book Recommended

    2. (b) Medieval Palestine and Syria 6 items
      1. ESSENTIALS 1 item
      2. A history of Palestine, 634-1099 - Moshe Gil c1992

        Book Recommended

      3. Le Sinai de la Conquete arabe a nos jours - Jean-Michel Mouton 2001

        Book Recommended

      4. Le sinai medieval un espace strategique de l'islam - Jean-Michel Mouton 2000

        Book Recommended

  6. The impact of the First Crusade 5 items
    1. ESSENTIALS 2 items
      1. The impact of the early crusades in the Muslim World - Robert Irwin

        Chapter Essential Chapter available online.

    2. Unknown Resource

      Unknown Type  reprinted in T. F. Madden, ed., The Crusades, essential Readings (Oxford 2002)

  7. The crusader states 118 items
    1. (a) Social and political structure 10 items
      1. ESSENTIALS 5 items
        1. Muslim taxation under Crusader rule - Paul Sidelko

          Chapter Essential Available online.

        2. The subjected Muslims of the Frankish Levant - Benjamin Z. Kedar

          Chapter Essential [reprinted in T. F. Madden, ed., The Crusades, essential Readings (Oxford 2002)]

      2. The feudal nobility and the Kingdom of Jerusalem, 1174-1277 - Jonathan Simon Christopher Riley-Smith 1973

        Book Recommended

    2. (b) Forms and institutions of government 13 items
      1. ESSENTIALS 6 items
        1. Government and the indigenous in the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem - Jonathan Simon Christopher Riley-Smith

          Chapter Essential Chapter available online.

        2. The survival in Latin Palestine of Muslim administration - Jonathan Simon Christopher Riley-Smith

          Chapter Essential Available online.

        3. Some Lesser Officials in Latin Syria - Jonathan Simon Christopher Riley-Smith 1972

          Article Essential

        4. Christian Authority in the Latin East: Edessa in Crusader History - Christopher MacEvitt

          Chapter Essential

      2. Crusader institutions - Joshua Prawer 1980

        Book Recommended

    3. (c) Frankish elites 7 items
      1. ESSENTIALS 3 items
      2. The counts of Tripoli and Lebanon in the twelfth century: sons of Saint-Gilles - Kevin James Lewis 2017

        Book Recommended

      3. The Elephant of Christ: Reynald of Châtillon - Bernard Hamilton

        Chapter Recommended Available online.

      4. The adventure of John Gale, Knight of Tyre - Jean Richard

        Chapter Recommended Available online.

    4. (d) Outside perspectives 3 items
      1. ESSENTIALS 1 item
      2. Ibn Wāsil: An Ayyubid Perspective on Frankish Lordships and Crusades - Konrad Hirschler

        Chapter Recommended WIKI

      3. The Crusaders Through Muslim Eyes - Wadi' Z. Haddad 1983

        Article Recommended

    5. (e) Settlement 13 items
      1. ESSENTIALS 6 items
        1. Crusaders and Franks: studies in the history of the Crusades and the Frankish Levant - B. Z. Ḳedar 2017

          Book Essential See: The Eastern Christians in the Frankish Kingdom of Jerusalem: An Overview. Available online.

        2. Frankish Rural Settlement in the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem - Ronnie Ellenblum 1998

          Book Essential Esp. Ch. 4: 'Evidence about the existence of Frankish settlements', pp. 54-63, available online.

        3. The Italians in the Latin Kingdom - Joshua Prawer

          Chapter Essential Available online.

    6. (f) Day-to-day life and activity 10 items
      1. ESSENTIALS 3 items
        1. Aspects of Life in the Levant in the Crusading Period - Carole Hillenbrand

          Chapter Essential

        2. Aspects of everyday life in Frankish Acre - David Jacoby

          Article Essential Available online.

      2. Glimpses of life in Outremer in Exempla and Miracula - Krijnie Ciggaar

        Chapter Recommended

      3. Daily life in the medieval Islamic world - James E. Lindsay 2008

        Book Recommended

    7. (g) Cultural diversity and questions of identity 41 items
      1. (i) Background and theoretical framework 13 items
        1. ESSENTIALS 4 items
          1. Hybridity - Steven A. Epstein

            Chapter Essential

          2. The perception of difference - Steven A. Epstein

            Chapter Essential

          3. Cosmopolitan Imaginaries - Robert Edwards 2013 (electronic resource)

            Chapter Essential

        2. Some considerations relating to the history of the Muslims in the Crusader States - D. E. P. Jackson

          Chapter Recommended

        3. Exile and identity - John Tolan 2015

          Chapter Recommended

        4. Cannibals and Crusaders - Jay Rubenstein 09/21/2008

          Article Recommended

      2. (ii) The Latin East - General 20 items
        1. ESSENTIALS 7 items
          1. The crusades and the Christian world of the east: rough tolerance - Christopher Hatch MacEvitt c2008

            Book Essential

          2. Was there a Franco-Syrian Nation? - Raymond C. Smail

            Chapter Essential Available online.

        2. A Mediterranean society: the Jewish communities of the Arab world as portrayed in the documents of the Cairo Geniza - S. D. Goitein, Gustave E. von Grunebaum Center for Near Eastern Studies, American Council of Learned Societies 1967-1993 (electronic resource)

          Book Recommended

        3. Latins and Greeks in the Eastern Mediterranean after 1204 - David Jacoby, Benjamin Arbel, Bernard Hamilton 1989

          Book Recommended

        4. L'impantation des Latins en Asie Mineure avant la Premiere Croisade - Michel Balard, Alain Ducellier 2002

          Chapter Recommended

        5. Les Bedouins entre Syrie et Egypte au temps des croisades - Georges Jehel January 1, 2000 (Paperback)

          Chapter Recommended

      3. (iii) The kingdom of Jerusalem 5 items
        1. The history of the Jews in the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem - Joshua Prawer 1988

          Book Essential See: Prawer, J., Pilgrimage, immigration, and settlement, pp. 128-168, available online.

        2. Christian communities in the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem (1099-1187 CE) - Johannes Pahlitzsch, Daniel Baraz

          Chapter 

      4. (iv) Antioch 3 items
    8. (h) Castles and Borders 16 items
      1. ESSENTIALS 4 items
      2. Crusading warfare, 1097-1193 - R. C. Smail 1995

        Book Recommended See: Ch 7: 'The Crusader’s castles', pp. 204-250. Available online.

      3. Crusader castles - Hugh Kennedy 1994

        Book Recommended See: Appendix, pp. 190-198, 210-211. Available online.

      4. Fortification and settlement in crusader Palestine - Denys Pringle 2000

        Book Recommended

      5. Introduction: Seven types of ambiguity, c. 1100 - c. 1500 - David Abulafia 2002

        Chapter Recommended

    9. (i) Captivity and Ransom 5 items
      1. ESSENTIALS 1 item
  8. Religion 48 items
    1. (a) The Secular Church 13 items
      1. ESSENTIALS 3 items
        1. The Latin Church in the Crusader States - Bernard Hamilton

          Chapter Essential

        2. Relations with the Orthodox, 1098-1187 - Bernard Hamilton

          Chapter Essential Available online.

      2. The spiritual work of the Latin Church in Syria - Bernard Hamilton

        Chapter Recommended

      3. The holy places and the patriarchates of Jerusalem - Jonathan Riley-Smith 2014

        Chapter Recommended Read esp. pp. 74–100

      4. The churches of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem: a corpus - Denys Pringle 1993-2009

        Book Recommended

      5. Jacques de Vitry (1175/1180-1240): entre l'Orient et l'Occident - Jean Donnadieu 2014

        Book Recommended

    2. (b) Monks and holy men 6 items
      1. ESSENTIALS 2 items
      2. The perfection of solitude: hermits and monks in the Crusader States - Andrew Jotischky 1995

        Book Recommended See: Jotischky, A., The origins of monasticism on Mount Carmel, pp. 101-118. Available online.

      3. The Carmelites and antiquity: Mendicants and their pasts in the Middle Ages - Andrew Jotischky, Oxford University Press 2002 (electronic resource)

        Book Recommended

    3. (c) Holy land and holy places 28 items
      1. ESSENTIALS 6 items
        1. Shared Sacred Places - Maria Couroucli 2014

          Chapter Essential

      2. (i) General 4 items
        1. Pilgrims to Jerusalem in the Middle Ages - Nicole Chareyron 2005

          Book  Esp. Ch. 6 Jerusalem and the holy places; Ch. 7 The Church of the Holy Sepulchre: the Christian world in miniature; Ch. 8 Pilgrimages and excursions round and about Jerusalem; Ch. 9 Saracens in the towns, Arabs in the desert, and Jews here and there

        2. Contesting the sacred: the anthropology of Christian pilgrimage - John Eade, Michael J. Sallnow 1991

          Book Recommended

      3. (ii) Depictions and descriptions of sanctity 2 items
      4. (iii) Pilgrimages and pilgrim shrines 12 items
        1. Pilgrimage Guides to the Holy Land: Past and Present - Yvonne Friedman, Shulamit Furstenberg-Levi 2017-01-1

          Article Recommended

        2. Pilgrimage in crusader Acre: The Pardouns d'Acre - David Jacoby 2001

          Chapter Recommended

        3. A Christian pilgrim in medieval Iraq: Riccoldo da Montecroce's encounter with Islam - Rita George Tvrtković 2012

          Book Recommended

        4. 'Holy journey': pilgrimage and christian sacred landscape - Ora Limor 2006

          Chapter Recommended

      5. (iv) Jerusalem 4 items
        1. Muslim pilgrimage to Jerusalem in the Mamluk period - Yehoshua Frenkel 1996

          Chapter Recommended

        2. Rebuilding Zion: the holy places of Jerusalem in the twelfth century - Bernard Hamilton 1977

          Chapter Recommended

    4. (d) Conversion 1 item
      1. Multidirectional Conversion in the Frankish Levant - Benjamin Z. Kedar 1997

        Chapter Recommended Available online.

  9. The Military Orders 9 items
    1. ESSENTIALS 2 items
      1. A twelfth-century description of the Jerusalem Hospital - Benjamin Z. Kedar 1998

        Chapter Essential Available online.

    2. The medieval military orders, 1120-1314 - Nicholas Edward Morton 2013

      Book Recommended

    3. The Knights Hospitaller in the Levant, c.1070-1309 - Jonathan Simon Christopher Riley-Smith 2012

      Book Recommended

    4. Templars and Hospitallers as professed religious in the Holy Land - Jonathan Riley-Smith 2010

      Book Recommended

  10. Art and architecture 23 items
    1. ESSENTIALS 5 items
      1. Art in the Latin East 1098-1291 - Jaroslav Folda 1999

        Chapter Essential WIKI

    2. (a) General 5 items
      1. Crusader art: the art of the Crusaders in the Holy Land, 1099-1291 - Jaroslav Folda 2008

        Book Recommended

      2. The art and architecture of the crusader states - Harry W. Hazard 1977 (electronic resource)

        Book Recommended

    3. (b) Religious art and architecture 4 items
    4. (c) Cultural borrowing and identity 9 items
      1. Manuscripts as intermediearies. The crusader states and literary cross-fertilisation - Krijnie Ciggaar 1996

        Article Further

      2. Society, culture, and the Arts in crusader Acre - David Jacoby 2004

        Chapter Recommended Available online.

      3. Islamic, Byzantine, and Latin Influences in the Iconography of Crusader Coins and Seals - D. M. Metcalf 1999

        Chapter Recommended

  11. Intellectual activity 8 items
    1. Es 1 item
    2. Antioch as link between Arabic and Latin culture in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries - Charles Burnett 2000

      Chapter Recommended

    3. Intellectual activities in a holy city: Jerusalem in the twelfth century - Benjamin Z. Kedar 1998

      Chapter Recommended Available online. Reprinted in Benjamin Kedar, Franks, Muslims and oriental Christians in the Latin Levant: studies in frontier acculturation [Library Level 8, History BG840 KED3]

    4. (b) Medical knowledge 4 items
      1. Medicine in the Crusades: warfare, wounds and the medieval surgeon - Piers D. Mitchell 2004

        Book Recommended

  12. Foreign Relations 8 items
    1. ESSENTIALS 1 item
    2. Connectivity - Horden, P., Purcell, N. 2000

      Chapter Recommended Available online.

    3. Treaties and diplomacy - Steve A. Epstein 2006

      Chapter Essential Available online.

    4. Coinage in the Latin East - P. W. Edbury, D. M. Metcalf 1980

      Book Recommended See: Marseilles, Acre and the Mediterranean, 1200-1291 pp.19-39

    5. Merchants in their community - Jessica Goldberg 2012

      Chapter Recommended

  13. Trade and Commerce 17 items
    1. ESSENTIALS 5 items
      1. Trade and crusade, 1050-1250 - Abulafia David 1995

        Chapter Essential Available online.

      2. Commerce and Markets - Anne-Marie Eddé 2011

        Chapter Essential Available online.

    2. Special Sources 5 items
      1. Medieval trade in the Mediterranean world: illustrative documents - Robert S. Lopez, Irving W. Raymond 1967 (electronic resource)

        Book Essential

      2. Letters of medieval Jewish traders - S. D. Goitein 1973

        Book Essential

    3. 'The profit that God shall give', 1100-1200 - David Abulafia 2011

      Chapter Recommended

    4. The economy - Moshe Gil

      Chapter Recommended Available online.

    5. Papal attempts at a commercial boycott of the Muslims in the crusader period - Sophia Menache 2014

      Chapter Recommended

  14. Jihad and the Counter-Crusade 4 items
    1. ESSENTIALS 1 item
    2. Popular Muslim reactions to the Franks in the Levant, 1097-1291 - Alexander Mallett 2014

      Book Recommended

    3. A Muslim response to the Second Crusade: Ibn Asakir of Damascus as Propagandist of Jihad - Suleiman A. Mourad, James E. Lindsay 2015

      Chapter Recommended

  15. New Titles 22 items
    1. The Fatimid Empire - Michael Brett 2017

      Book 

    2. Autour des Assises de Jérusalem - Jérôme Devard, Bernard Ribémont, Journées d'études "Autour des Assises de Jérusalem--", Université d'Orléans 2018

      Book 

    3. Zengi and the Muslim response to the Crusades: the politics of jihad - Taef Kamal El-Azhari 2016

      Book 

    4. Waqf, education and politics in late medieval Syria: Islamic education in medieval Syria - Ḥātim Muḥammad Maḥāmīd 2013

      Book 

    5. The Great Seljuk Empire - A. C. S. Peacock 2015

      Book 

    6. The military orders 2017

      Book 

    7. Communicating the Middle Ages: essays in honour of Sophia Menache - Sophia Menache 2018

      Book 

    8. A companion to medieval Genoa 2018

      Book