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  1. Readings are listed as 'required readings', which are the essential and foundational readings for the lectures; 'further readings', which should be used for essays and developing your knowledge further. While you are not expected to read everything in the lists, it is expected that you will use it to adequately prepare for tutorials, essays and the exam. It is also important to note that the reading lists are indicative, not exhaustive, and the library has an extensive collection of literature in this area, as well as holding subscriptions to numerous relevant journals (listed at the end of this section). The further readings are not exhaustive, so please do not limit yourself to them; you should learn to do your own research and exploration of the library and online sources of information. It is important for you to learn now how to find books and journals in the library (or online).

  2. 1. Introduction to Comparative Politics (Chris Claassen) 45 items
    1. Textbooks 4 items
      1. This section of the course relies heavily on the following book:

      2. Essentials of comparative politics - Patrick H. O'Neil 2018

        Book Essential

      3. There will also be some assigned reading from the other required textbook:

      4. Cases in comparative politics - Patrick H. O'Neil, Karl J. Fields, Donald Share 2018

        Book Essential

    2. Lecture 1: Introduction to the Course and Key Themes 1 item
      1. Required Reading 1 item
        1. Cases in comparative politics - Patrick H. O'Neil, Karl J. Fields, Donald Share 2018

          Book Essential See: Chapter 1.

    3. Lecture 2: Approaches and methods in comparative politics 2 items
      1. Required Reading 1 item
        1. Essentials of comparative politics - Patrick H. O'Neil 2018

          Book Essential See: Chapter 1.

      2. Further Readings 1 item
        1. Comparative government and politics: an introduction - Rod Hague, Martin Harrop, John McCormick 2016

          Book Further See: Chapters 5 & 6.

    4. Lecture 3: States and Nations 13 items
      1. Topics:

        ·         States and nations

        ·         The emergence of states

        ·         National and ethnic identity

        ·         Political culture

      2. Required Reading 1 item
        1. Essentials of Comparative Politics - Patrick H. O`neil 12 Dec. 2017

          Book Essential See: Chapter 2 (pages 31-61) and chapter 3 (pages 63-74 & 92-95)

      3. Further Readings 11 items
        1. Comparative government and politics: an introduction - Rod Hague, Martin Harrop, John McCormick 2016

          Book Further See: Chapter 2.

        2. The Oxford handbook of comparative politics 2009 (electronic resource)

          Book Further See: Spruyt, 'War, trade and state formation'.

        3. Essays moral, political and literary - David Hume 1862 (electronic resource)

          Article Further See: Part 1, Essay 5, 'Of the origin of government'.

        4. Coercion, capital, and European states, AD 990-1992 - Charles Tilly 1992

          Book Further

        5. The Oxford handbook of comparative politics - Carles Boix, Susan Carol Stokes 2009 (electronic resource)

          Book Further See: Greenfeld & Eastwood, “National Identity.”

        6. Imagined communities: reflections on the origin and spread of nationalism - Benedict R. O'G. Anderson, American Council of Learned Societies c2006 (electronic resource)

          Book Further

        7. Ethnicity and race: making identities in a changing world - Stephen E. Cornell, Douglas Hartmann 2007

          Book Further

        8. The civic culture transformed: from allegiant to assertive citizens 2014

          Book Further See: Dalton & Welzel, 'Political Culture and Value Change'.

        9. What's next for Germany after Angela Merkel - James M. Skidmore November 1, 2018

          Article Further

    5. Lecture 4: Democracy and Autocracy 5 items
      1. Required Reading 1 item
        1. Essentials of Comparative Politics - Patrick H. O`neil 12 Dec. 2017

          Book Essential See: Chapter 5 (Pages 135-139 and Chapter 6 (Pages 172-178 & 184-200)

      2. Further Reading 4 items
        1. Comparative government and politics: an introduction - Rod Hague, Martin Harrop c2013

          Book Further See: Chapters 3 & 4. Hague and Harrup (2013). ‘Democracy’ and ‘Authoritarian Rule’

        2. What Democracy Is. . . and Is Not - Philippe C Schmitter, Terry Lynn Karl 1991

          Article Further

        3. The Rise of Competitive Authoritarianism - Steven Levitsky, Lucan Way 2002

          Article Further

        4. Dictators and dictatorships: understanding authoritarian regimes and their leaders - Natasha M. Ezrow, Erica Frantz, Dawson Books 2011 (electronic resource)

          Book Further

    6. Lecture 5: The rise and fall of democracy 8 items
      1. Topics:

        ·         Democratisation: the rise of democracy

        ·         Consolidation of democracy: preventing its fall

        ·         Is democracy in decline?

      2. Required Reading 1 item
        1. Essentials of Comparative Politics - Patrick H. O`neil 12 Dec. 2017

          Book Essential See: Chapter 5 (pages 139-146 & 166-171) and Chapter 6 (pages 178-184)

      3. Further Reading 6 items
        1. The Oxford handbook of comparative politics 2009 (electronic resource)

          Book Further See: Geddes, 'What causes democratization'?

        2. Democratization - Christian W. Haerpfer c2009

          Book Further See: chapter 6.

        3. The Impact of Economic Development on Democracy - Evelyne Huber, Dietrich Rueschemeyer and John D. Stephens 1993

          Article Further

        4. Modernization: Theories and Facts - Adam Przeworski and Fernando Limongi 1997

          Article Further

    7. Lecture 6: State-economy Relations 4 items
      1. Topics:

        ·         Political-economic systems

        ·         Economic development

        ·         The welfare state

        ·         Effects of economic globalisation

         

      2. Required Reading 1 item
        1. Essentials of comparative politics - Patrick H. O'Neil 2018

          Book Essential See: chapter 4 (pages 96-133) and chapter 11 (pages 339-352).

      3. Further Reading 2 items
        1. The Oxford handbook of political economy - Barry R. Weingast, Donald A. Wittman 2008 (electronic resource)

          Book Further See: Acemoglu & Robinson, “Paths of Economic and Political Development.”

        2. Why nations fail: the origins of power, prosperity and poverty - Daron Acemoglu, James A. Robinson 2012

          Book Further

    8. Lecture 7: State-society Relations 8 items
      1. Topics:

        ·         Civil society

        ·         Political parties

        ·         Political participation

        ·         Contentious politics

      2. Required Reading 1 item
        1. Essentials of comparative politics - Patrick H. O'Neil 2018

          Book Essential See: chapter 3 (pages 74-94).

      3. Further Reading 6 items
        1. Comparative politics today: a theoretical framework - G. Bingham Powell, Russell J. Dalton, Kaare Strøm 2012

          Book Further See: chapters 3 & 4.

        2. Comparative government and politics: an introduction - Rod Hague, Martin Harrop, John McCormick 2016

          Book Further See: Chapters 12-15 and 17-18.

        3. Democratic Phoenix: reinventing political activism - Pippa Norris 2002

          Book Further

        4. Protest and Contentious Action - Mario Quaranta 25/01/2017

          Book Further

        5. The politics of collective violence - Charles Tilly 2003

          Book Further See: chapter 1.

  3. Case Study 1: Germany (Kelly Kollman) 133 items
    1. Aims of this section:

       

      At the end of these 7 lectures students should be able to:

      • assess how the nature of state-building and economic development in eighteenth and nineteenth century Germany affected processes of regime transition in the 20th century.
      • describe and evaluate the nature of contemporary German political institutions and how they function.
      • explain why this system of governance has been labelled a 'consensus' or 'semi-sovereign' style of democracy by some scholars
      • describe and assess the evolution of state-society relations in Germany's consensus style democracy.

      ·         recognize the key elements of the German social market economy and the ways in which the system has been reformed since 2000.

       

    2. Note about readings: The required readings for this section largely come from the main course text, O'Neil et. al., and the following texts on German politics:

    3. Required Reading: 3 items
      1. The German polity - David P. Conradt, Eric Langenbacher, Dawson Books 2013 (electronic resource)

        Book Essential

      2. The politics of the new Germany - Simon Green, Dan Hough, Alister Miskimmon, Dawson Books 2012 (electronic resource)

        Book Essential

      3. Developments in German politics 4 2014

        Book Essential

    4. Multiple copies of the books listed above are available in the High Demand Collection of GUL. It is essential that students complete all of the required readings, ideally before the corresponding lecture, and do NOT rely solely on the O'Neil text for this part of the course. Additional reading resources are listed in the 'further readings' sections, which may be helpful for those of writing one of the essay questions on Germany.

    5. Additional journals 3 items
      Aims of this section:
    6. Online Media Sources: 3 items
    7. HISTORY AND STATE-BUILDING IN GERMANY: LATE DEVELOPMENT AND DEMOCRATIZATION:

    8. 1: Late development, authoritarianism and democratic failure: German political development from 1871 to 1945. 13 items
      This lecture will give a brief history of German political development up to World War Two. It will emphasise the effects that ‘late development and statehood’ had on pre-war German political culture and institutions; finally the lecture will examine the reasons for the catastrophic failure of the interwar Weimar Republic.
      1. Required Reading 5 items
        1. Cases in comparative politics - Patrick H. O'Neil, Karl J. Fields, Donald Share 2018

          Book Essential See: chapter 5, (pp. 217-226).

        2. One of the following:

        3. The politics of the new Germany - Simon Green, Dan Hough, Alister Miskimmon, Dawson Books 2012 (electronic resource)

          Book Essential See: Chapter 1.

        4. The German polity - David P. Conradt, Eric Langenbacher, Dawson Books 2013 (electronic resource)

          Book Essential See: Chapter 1.

        5. Comparative politics: a global introduction - Michael J. Sodaro c2008

          Book Essential See: Chapter 18, pp. 505-14. Available via Online Resource Button.

      2. Further Reading 8 items
        1. Bread and democracy in Germany - Alexander Gerschenkron 1966

          Book Further

        2. Economic backwardness in historical perspective: a book of essays - Alexander Gerschenkron 1965

          Book Further

        3. The German empire 1871-1918 - Hans Ulrich Wehler 1985

          Book Further

        4. Who voted for Hitler? - Richard F. Hamilton c1982

          Book Further

        5. Why Democracies Collapse: The Reasons for Democratic Failure and Success - Abraham Diskin, Hanna Diskin, Reuven Y. Hazan 2005

          Article Further

    9. 2. The Bonn and Berlin Republics: Successful democratic consolidation 11 items
      The second lecture will examine the history of the Bonn Republic in West Germany and discuss the consolidation of democracy in the post-war era. We will end this session by examining the challenges that Reunification with the former East Germany twenty years ago has posed for the German democratic system.
      1. Required Reading 4 items
        1. Cases in comparative politics - Patrick H. O'Neil, Karl J. Fields, Donald Share 2018

          Book Essential See: chapter 5, (pp. 227-230).

        2. One of the following:

        3. The politics of the new Germany - Simon Green, Dan Hough, Alister Miskimmon, Dawson Books 2012 (electronic resource)

          Book Essential See: Chapters 2-3.

        4. The German polity - David P. Conradt, Eric Langenbacher, Dawson Books 2013 (electronic resource)

          Book Essential See: Chapters 1-2.

      2. Further Reading 7 items
        1. Comparative politics: a global introduction - Michael J. Sodaro c2008

          Book Further See: Chapter 18, pp. 514-41.

        2. Introductions to any of the following:

        3. After unity: reconfiguring German identities - Konrad Hugo Jarausch 1997

          Book Further

        4. The Federal Republic of Germany at fifty: the end of a century of turmoil - Peter H. Merkl c1999

          Book Further

        5. From Bundesrepublik to Deutschland: German politics after unification - Michael G. Huelshoff, Andrei S. Markovits, Simon Reich c1993

          Book Further

        6. Power shift in Germany: the 1998 election and the end of the Kohl era - David P. Conradt, Gerald R. Kleinfeld, Christian Søe c2000

          Book Further

    10.  

      STATE INSTITUTIONS AND POLICYMAKING PROCESSES IN GERMANY:

    11. 3. Institutions of Germany’s semi-sovereign state: federal executive and legislature 18 items
      This lecture will examine the basic institutional structures that exist at the national level of the German federal system of government, namely the federal executive and the two houses of the national parliament. The lecture will highlight the fragmented nature of German policymaking and how the system has relied on a consensual political culture to function.
      1. Required Reading 5 items
        1. Cases in comparative politics - Patrick H. O'Neil, Karl J. Fields, Donald Share 2018

          Book Essential See: chapter 5, (pp. 230-237).

          • One of the following:

        2. The German polity - David P. Conradt, Eric Langenbacher, Dawson Books 2013

          Book Essential See: Chapter 7

        3. The politics of the new Germany - Simon Green, Dan Hough, Alister Miskimmon, Dawson Books 2012 (electronic resource)

          Book Essential See: Chapter 4

        4. Developments in German politics 4 2014

          Book Essential See: Chapter 1 (Stecker and Goetz)

      2. Further Reading 13 items
        1. Comparative politics: a global introduction - Michael J. Sodaro c2008

          Book Further See: Chapter 18, pp. 514-26.

        2. Policy and politics in West Germany: the growth of a semi-sovereign state - Peter J. Katzenstein 1987

          Book Further See: Chapter 1

        3. Governance in contemporary Germany: the semisovereign state revisited - Simon Green, William E. Paterson 2005

          Book Further See: Chapters 1 and 13

        4. Political institutions in the Federal Republic of Germany - Manfred G. Schmidt 2003

          Book Further See: Introduction

        5. Patterns of democracy: government forms and performance in thirty-six countries - Arend Lijphart, Askews & Holts Library Services 2012

          Book Further See: Chapters 1 and 3

        6. The Making of chancellor Merkel - Mark R. Thompson, Ludmilla Lennartz 03/2006

          Article Further

    12. 4. Institutions cont.: the federal system and the judiciary 17 items
      The nature of German federalism as well as the powerful Germany judiciary are the subject of this lecture. We will look at how these institutions further fragment German policymaking processes and how federal states and the courts interact with the national parliament and executive.
      1. Required Reading 4 items
        1. Cases in comparative politics - Patrick H. O'Neil, Karl J. Fields, Donald Share 2018

          Book Essential See: chapter 5, (page 238).

          • One of the following:

        2. The German polity - David P. Conradt, Eric Langenbacher, Dawson Books 2013 (electronic resource)

          Book Essential See: Chapters 8 (courts section) and 9.

        3. Developments in German politics 4 2014

          Book Essential See: Chapter 2 (Jeffery and Rowe)

      2. Further Reading 13 items
        1. Governance in contemporary Germany: the semisovereign state revisited - Simon Green, William E. Paterson 2005

          Book Further See: Chapter 4

        2. Political institutions in the Federal Republic of Germany - Manfred G. Schmidt 2003

          Book Further See: Chapters 2 (pp. 56-66) and 4.

        3. Representative government in modern Europe - Michael Gallagher, Michael Laver, Peter Mair c2011

          Book Further See: Chapter 4.

        4. German Federalism in Transition? - Carolyn Moore, Wade Jacoby, Arthur B. Gunlicks 12/2008

          Article Further

    13. STATE-SOCIETY RELATIONS IN GERMANY:

    14. 5. The German party system: de-alignment and fragmentation? 25 items
      This lecture will examine the nature of Germany’s party system and how this has developed over the course Federal Republic’s history. We will pay particular attention to the role that the constitution gave to political parties in the German political system and how both the fragmentation of the party system and party de-alignment since Reunification have affected that role.
      1. Required Reading 5 items
        1. Cases in comparative politics - Patrick H. O'Neil, Karl J. Fields, Donald Share 2018

          Book Essential See: chapter 5, (pp. 238-251).

          • One of the following:

        2. The politics of the new Germany - Simon Green, Dan Hough, Alister Miskimmon, Dawson Books 2012 (electronic resource)

          Book Essential See: Chapter 5.

        3. Developments in German politics 4 2014

          Book Essential See: chapters 3 (Dalton) & 4 (Hornsteiner and Saalfeld).

        4. The German polity - David P. Conradt, Eric Langenbacher, Dawson Books 2013 (electronic resource)

          Book Essential See: Chapters 5 (up to the ‘representation of interests’) and 6.

      2. Further Reading 20 items
          • Blogs / Media (English) coverage of 2017 Federal Election and 2018 Laender elections:

        1. What's next for Germany after Angela Merkel - James M. Skidmore November 1, 2018

          Article Further

        2. The Left Party in contemporary German politics - Dan Hough, Michael Koss, Jonathan Olsen 2007

          Book Further

        3. Governance in contemporary Germany: the semisovereign state revisited - Simon Green, William E. Paterson 2005

          Book Further See: Chapter 3.

    15. 6. State-society relations: the rise of identity politics in a coordinated system of interest representation 15 items
      This lecture will examine Germany’s traditional system of neo-corporatist interest group representation and how this differs from more pluralist systems. We then examine the ways in which this system was challenged by the new social movements of the 1980s and later by Re-unification, globalization and immigration. This lecture will examine Germany’s traditional system of neo-corporatist interest group representation and how this differs from more pluralist systems. We then examine the ways in which this system was challenged by the new social movements of the 1980s and later by Re-unification and immigration.
      1. Required Reading 4 items
        1. Cases in comparative politics - Patrick H. O'Neil, Karl J. Fields, Donald Share 2018

          Book Essential See: chapter 5 (pp 252-257; 266-269).

          • One of the following:

        2. The German polity - David P. Conradt, Eric Langenbacher, Dawson Books 2013 (electronic resource)

          Book Essential See: Chapters 4 and 5 ('representation of interests' section).

        3. Developments in German politics 4 2014

          Book Essential See: Chapters 6 (Rucht) and 14 (Green). Chapter 14 is available via Online Resource Button.

      2. Further Reading 11 items
        1. Developments in German politics 4 2014

          Book Essential See: Chapter 7 (Hassell).

        2. The politics of the new Germany - Simon Green, Dan Hough, Alister Miskimmon 2012 (electronic resource)

          Book  See: Chapter 14.

        3. Works councils: consultation, representation, and cooperation in industrial relations - Joel Rogers, Wolfgang Streeck c1995

          Book Further See: Introduction.

        4. Governance in contemporary Germany: the semisovereign state revisited - Simon Green, William E. Paterson 2005

          Book Further See: Streek, W. Industrial Relations, Chapter 7.

        5. Varieties of capitalism: the institutional foundations of comparative advantage - Peter A. Hall, David W. Soskice, Oxford University Press 2001 (electronic resource)

          Book Further See: Chapters 1, 7-10.

        6. Mobilizing on the extreme right: Germany, Italy, and the United States - Manuela Caiani, Donatella Della Porta, Claudius Wagemann, Oxford University Press 2012 (electronic resource)

          Book Further

    16. 7. The German economic model: still a social market economy? 19 items
      In this final lecture for this section of the course, we will look at state-economy relations in Germany by examining the key features of the social market economy that was established in the Federal Republic at the end of World War Two. We will then examine the strains that economic globalization and re-unification have placed on this system and the consequences of the reforms that have been adopted since 2000 to address them.
      1. Required Reading 5 items
        1. Cases in comparative politics - Patrick H. O'Neil, Karl J. Fields, Donald Share 2018

          Book Essential See: chapter 5 (pp. 257-260; 262-266)

          • One of the following:

        2. The German polity - David P. Conradt, Eric Langenbacher, Dawson Books 2013 (electronic resource)

          Book Essential See: Chapters 3 (up to 'religious composition') and 10.

        3. The politics of the new Germany - Simon Green, Dan Hough, Alister Miskimmon, Dawson Books 2012 (electronic resource)

          Book Essential See: Chapters 7-9.

        4. Developments in German politics 4 2014

          Book Essential See: Chapters 7 (Hassel), 8 (Zohlnhoefer) and 10 (Busch).

      2. Further Reading 14 items
        1. Governance in contemporary Germany: the semisovereign state revisited - Simon Green, William E. Paterson, MyiLibrary 2005 (electronic resource)

          Book Further See: Chapters 1, 2, 6 and/or 7.

        2. Governance in contemporary Germany: the semisovereign state revisited - Simon Green, William E. Paterson 2005 (electronic resource)

          Book  See: Paterson. 'European Policymaking: Between Associated Sovereignty and Semi-sovereignty'.

        3. Policy and politics in West Germany: the growth of a semi-sovereign state - Peter J. Katzenstein 1987

          Book Further See: Introduction.

        4. Comparative European politics

          Journal Further See: Streeck, W. The Fiscal Crisis Continues: From Liberalization to Consolidation, 2010, Volume 8, Number 4, pp. 505-514.

        5. Re-forming capitalism: institutional change in the German political economy - Wolfgang Streeck, Oxford University Press 2009 (electronic resource)

          Book Further See: Introduction.

        6. Monetary disunion: the domestic politics of euroland - Wolfgang Streeck, Lea Elsässer 02/01/2016

          Article Further

        7. The Long Shadow of Ordoliberalism - Sebastian Dullien, Ulrike Guerot July 27, 2012

          Webpage Further

  4. CASE STUDY 2 RUSSIA (Dr Joanna Szostek & Dr Vikki Turbine) 64 items
    INTENDED LEARNING OUTCOMES for this section: At the end of these 7 lectures students should be able to: · Describe the main features of the contemporary Russian political system · Explain how state-society relations function in shaping politics in Russia · Critically assess the nature of authoritarianism in Russia
    1. Required reading: 1 item
      1. Cases in comparative politics - Patrick H. O'Neil, Karl J. Fields, Donald Share 2018

        Book Essential See: Chapter 7 on Russia, pp. 336-380.

    2. Additional Resources 18 items
      1. Books 4 items
        A number of recent publications give a good insight into the current political and social climate in Russia. You are not required to buy the texts, but if you are new to the study of Russia they may provide useful context:
        1. Riot days - Marii︠a︡ Alekhina 2018

          Book Further

        2. Protest in Putin's Russia - Mischa Gabowitsch 2016

          Book Further

        3. Human rights in Russia: citizens and the state from Perestroika to Putin - Mary McAuley 2016

          Book Further

      2. All texts listed in the reading lists are available in the library in print or accessible as e-journals/e-books. 

         

        We have an enviable collection of resources on Russian Politics at Glasgow (including Russian language resources if you are a Russian speaker). These weekly reading lists are therefore an indicative sample of current research and are not exhaustive.

         

        It is expected that you will conduct further independent research for tutorials, the essay and final exam.

         

        If you are unsure of how to search for academic resources, the Library has a wealth of useful advice available online. In addition, we have a subject librarian, Dr Kay Munro. You can make an appointment with her via the library website for help in making the best use of the library and conducting research for your coursework.

        More details available here:https://www.gla.ac.uk/myglasgow/library/help/subjects/socialandpoliticalsciences/

      3. Journals 7 items
        You may find the following journals particularly useful for sourcing additional material:
        1. Communist and post-communist studies - University of California (System) (electronic resource)

          Journal 

        2. Europe-Asia studies - University of Glasgow, EBSCO Publishing (Firm), JSTOR (Organization), Thomson Gale (Firm) (electronic resource)

          Journal 

        3. Post-Soviet affairs - Joint Committee on Soviet Studies (U.S.), Social Science Research Council (U.S.) (electronic resource)

          Journal 

        4. Demokratizatsiya: the journal of post-soviet democratization - Moskovskiĭ gosudarstvennyĭ universitet im. M.V. Lomonosova, Thomson Gale (Firm) (electronic resource)

          Journal 

      4. Online Resources 6 items
        The following online resources are also useful for an overview of contemporary events in Russia and countries formerly part of the Soviet Union:
        1. Radio Free Europe / Radio Liberty

          Webpage  Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty provide summaries of the main news stories from the region if you sign up to their mailing list.

        2. The Moscow Times - News, Business, Culture & Multimedia from Russia

          Website  An independent and daily English-language paper; available on the day of publication. Earlier issues available in GUL at http://ezproxy.lib.gla.ac.uk/login?url=http://dlib.eastview.com/browse/publication/554

        3. OpenDemocracy: Russia and Beyond

          Website  Analysis of domestic and foreign affairs of Russia and the neighbouring regions. The website also incorporates stories based on investigative journalism in English and Russian.

        4. Human Rights Watch | Russia

          Webpage  Offers coverage of human rights issues in Russia.

        5. Amnesty International (Russia)

          Website  Offers coverage of human rights issues in Russia.

    3. Lecture 1: Why study Russia? (Dr Vikki Turbine) 8 items
      This lecture introduces how Russia has been conceptualised as a political system. Why is it a good country to study for comparative political scientists? What can we learn in studying Russia’s political system – both about Russia and other forms of political system? How can we engage in both understanding ‘Putin’s Russia’ as well as the politics that are beyond and below this description?
      1. Required Reading 1 item
        1. Cases in comparative politics - Patrick H. O'Neil, Karl J. Fields, Donald Share 2018

          Book Essential See: ‘Why Study this Case?’, pp. 337-340.

      2. Further Reading 6 items
        1. Soviet-Style Neoliberalism? - Julie Hemment 11/2009

          Article Further

        2. Three dilemmas of hybrid regime governance: Russia from Putin to Putin - Nikolay Petrov, Maria Lipman, Henry E. Hale 02/01/2014

          Article Further

        3. Russia's Hybrid Regime - Liliia Fedorovna Shevtsova, Mark H. Eckert 2001

          Article Further

      3. *NB* This list of further readings will also be useful for your tutorial on Russia – Tutorial 5 'What regime type is Russia?'.

    4. Lecture 2: Russia’s triple transition after Communism (Dr Joanna Szostek) 4 items
      This lecture will focus on the challenges Russia faced in the 1990s to build a new political system after the end of Communist rule. It will identify the main political and social consequences of market reforms, including the rise of influential ‘oligarchs’. It will consider how Vladimir Putin came to succeed Boris Yeltsin as president in 2000 and began to establish the ‘vertical of power’ which characterises the Russian political system today.
      1. Required Reading 1 item
        1. Cases in comparative politics - Patrick H. O'Neil, Karl J. Fields, Donald Share 2018

          Book Essential See: ‘Historical Development of the State’, pp. 341-348.

      2. Further Reading 3 items
        1. Between dictatorship and democracy: Russian post-communist political reform - Michael McFaul, Nikolaĭ Petrov, Andreĭ R︠i︡abov, M. A. Krasnov 2004

          Book Further

    5. Lecture 3: (Dr. Vikki Turbine) Institutions: The ‘Super Presidency’ 8 items
      Russia is often described in terms of ‘Putin’s Russia’. Who is Vladimir Putin? What kind of Presidencies has he embodied? Why is an understanding of the Russian Presidential Office important for understanding presidencies in democracies and authoritarian systems?
      1. Required Reading 3 items
        1. Cases in comparative politics - Patrick H. O'Neil, Karl J. Fields, Donald Share 2018

          Book Essential See: ‘Political regime’, pp. 349-358.

      2. Further reading 4 items
        1. Putin Is not Russia - Vladimir V. Kara-Murza 2017

          Article 

      3. Russian elections are regularly observed by teams of outsiders; the conclusion of the most recent team of observers from the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) is available at their website: http://www.osce.org/odihr/86959. The website of the Central Electoral Commission is accessible in English as well as Russian; it has texts of the relevant legislation and an archive of results. See www.cikrf.ru.

    6. Lecture 4: (Dr Vikki Turbine) Institutions: Elections 9 items
      Russia holds regular multi-party elections. Yet, these are described as unfree and unfair. This lecture explores the concept of electoral authoritarianism within the context of recent elections. What are the arguments for and against this description? Which are more convincing and why?
      1. Required Reading 2 items
        1. Cases in comparative politics - Patrick H. O'Neil, Karl J. Fields, Donald Share 2018

          Book Essential See: ‘Party Conflict & Competition’ pp. 360-364.

        2. The Rise of Competitive Authoritarianism - Steven Levitsky, Lucan Way 2002

          Article Essential

      2. Further Reading 7 items
    7. Lecture 5 (Dr Joanna Szostek) The Russian media environment and public opinion 5 items
      Most Russian citizens now use the internet, which gives them potential access to a wide range of news sources. However, the reach of critical or independent media which might challenge the political status quo remains quite limited. This lecture will identify tools and tactics which the Russian authorities use to manage public opinion and public expressions of dissent in the media. It will evaluate the argument that Russia’s authoritarian leadership has successfully adapted to the challenges of the digital era.
      1. Required Reading 1 item
        1. Cases in comparative politics - Patrick H. O'Neil, Karl J. Fields, Donald Share 2018

          Book Essential See: ‘Party Conflict & Competition – civil society’, pp. 364-367 & ‘Society – ideology & political culture’, pp. 369-370.

      2. Further Reading 4 items
        1. Three dilemmas of hybrid regime governance: Russia from Putin to Putin - Nikolay Petrov, Maria Lipman, Henry E. Hale 02/01/2014

          Article Further

        2. Revolution stalled: the political limits of the Internet in the post-Soviet sphere - Sarah Oates 2013

          Book Further See: Chapter 7 (also chapters 3, 4 if you have time).

    8. Lecture 6: (Dr Vikki Turbine) Opposition & Activism under authoritarianism 7 items
      In 2012, the self-proclaimed radical feminist punk collective, Pussy Riot captured international human rights communities’ imaginations. This was not the case domestically. This lecture considers Pussy Riot’s protests, imprisonment, and subsequent reincarnations. This is as a lens through which to explore the possibilities for and barriers to opposition activity in an increasingly neoconservative and hetero-normative political context.
      1. Required Reading 1 item
        1. Cases in comparative politics - Patrick H. O'Neil, Karl J. Fields, Donald Share 2018

          Book Essential See: ‘Party Conflict & Competition – civil society’, pp. 364-367 &‘Society – ideology & political culture’, pp. 369-370.

      2. Further reading 6 items
        1. The Carrot or the Stick? Constraints and Opportunities of Russia’s CSO Policy - Elena Bogdanova, Linda J. Cook, Meri Kulmala 21/04/2018

          Article Further

    9. Lecture 7 (Dr Vikki Turbine) Conclusions: Russia as an evolving regime type, or black mirror? 4 items
      What have we learned about hybridity of democratic and authoritarian regimes from studying Russia? With the rise of populism and global misogynies – what kinds of regimes types do we see now? Post Trump, post Brexit - what remains distinct between democracies and authoritarian regimes?
      1. Required Reading 1 item
        1. Cases in comparative politics - Patrick H. O'Neil, Karl J. Fields, Donald Share 2018

          Book Essential See: ‘Political economy’ & ‘Foreign Relations and the World’ & ‘Current Issue in Russia’, pp. 370-380.

      2. Further reading 3 items
  5. Case Study 3: China (Jane Duckett) 113 items
    The 7 lectures on China introduce students to Chinese politics and explain how its one-party authoritarian political system works. They will look at the main historical legacies that have shaped the political system in China today, at the main political institutions and policy processes, and at state-society relations. Key themes are the relationship between the state and an emergent civil society and the relationship between economic development and the political system. Aims of this section At the end of these seven lectures students should be able to: • assess how stalled economic development and the collapse of the imperial system in 19th century China affected its 20th century state-building and economic development; • identify and describe key contemporary Chinese political institutions and policy making processes; • describe the modes of political participation and key features of state—society relations in China; • describe the state’s role in China’s ‘socialist market economy’ since the 1990s; • explain China’s ‘authoritarian resilience’ and assess its prospects for democratisation.
    1. Note about readings

      The required readings for this section are selected from the course text, O'Neil et al., Cases in Comparative Politics (Norton, 6th Edition 2018). We also recommend that you read Tony Saich, Governance and Politics of China(Palgrave, fourth edition 2015). Chapters from Saich are specified in the key reading section below, but you are not obliged to purchase this (multiple copies are available in the short loan collection and the library holds the second edition, which would be still useful though not quite as up-to-date). You are also expected to select readings from the recommended further reading for each lecture and when preparing for tutorials, the essay and the exam.

       

       

       

    2. Required reading: 2 items
      1. Cases in comparative politics - Patrick H. O'Neil, Karl J. Fields, Donald Share 2018

        Book Essential

      2. Governance and politics of China - Tony Saich 2015

        Book Essential Chapters from Saich are specified in the key reading section below, but you are not obliged to purchase this (multiple copies are available in the short loan collection and the library holds the second edition, which would be still useful though not quite as up-to-date).

    3. You are also expected to select readings from the recommended further reading for each lecture and when preparing for tutorials, the essay and the exam.

    4. Background Texts 5 items
      The following texts provide excellent background on the topics of the course.
      1. China's challenges - Jacques deLisle, Avery Goldstein c2015

        Book Further

      2. Politics in China: an introduction - William A. Joseph 2010

        Book Further

      3. Handbook of the politics of China 2015

        Book Further

      4. A bitter revolution: China's struggle with the modern world - Rana Mitter, Dawson Books 2004 (electronic resource)

        Book Further

      5. Will China democratize? - Andrew J. Nathan, Larry Diamond, Marc F. Plattner 2013

        Book Further

    5. Journals 6 items
      For journal articles search the online library catalogue using journal title and then find the relevant issue of the journal as detailed in the reading list. The Glasgow University Library holds several journals devoted entirely to China which you may also wish to consult:
      1. China information: Zhongguo qing bao - Rijksuniversiteit te Leiden [1986]- (electronic resource)

        Journal 

      2. The China journal: Chung-kuo yen chiu - Australian National University, JSTOR (Organization), Thomson Gale (Firm) 1995- (electronic resource)

        Journal 

      3. The China quarterly - Congress for Cultural Freedom, International Association for Cultural Freedom, University of London, University of London 1960- (electronic resource)

        Journal 

      4. Journal of contemporary China: Dang dai Zhongguo - Center for Modern China (electronic resource)

        Journal 

      5. Issues & Studies - Zhonghua min guo guo ji guan xi yan jiu suo [1964]-

        Journal 

      6. Modern China - JSTOR (Organization), Thomson Gale (Firm) 1975- (electronic resource)

        Journal 

    6. Newspapers and Magazines 2 items
      The following newspapers and magazines regularly report on Chinese affairs:
      1. The economist - Thomson Gale (Firm) (electronic resource)

        Journal 

    7. Internet Resources 6 items
      In addition to published sources, you will benefit greatly from keeping abreast of the latest news and debates on China. The following websites are especially useful to enable full and up-to-date engagement with the empirical issues on the course:
      1. China Digital Times

        Website  A great source of Chinese language items translated into English

      2. The China Beat

        Website  A blog run by academics which looks at English-language media coverage of China

      3. Danwei

        Website  A website and research firm that tracks China’s media and internet

      4. China in the News

        Website  Very useful listing of news in English on China

    8. Lecture 1: China's Political History from 'Civilization' to Modern State 11 items
      This lecture introduces China today and looks at the historical legacies of empire, revolution and the early modern state for contemporary politics. It discusses the transition from empire to nation-state, the semi-colonisation and fragmentation of China before 1949, and unification and 'continued revolution' under communist party rule. We discuss Chinese communism as a nationalist as well communist movement and the political dimensions of Stalinist state planning and then market-led economic growth.
      1. Required Reading 2 items
        1. Cases in comparative politics - Patrick H. O'Neil, Karl J. Fields, Donald Share 2018

          Book Essential See: pp. 387-402.

        2. Governance and politics of China - Tony Saich 2015

          Book Essential See: chapters 1-2.

      2. Further Reading 9 items
        Read at least one of the following:
        1. China's political system: modernization and tradition - June Teufel Dreyer c2012

          Book Further See: Chapters 6 and 7

        2. A bitter revolution: China's struggle with the modern world - Rana Mitter, Dawson Books 2004 (electronic resource)

          Book Further See: Chapters 1 and 2.

        3. Governing China: from revolution through reform - Kenneth Lieberthal c2004

          Book Further See: Chapters 1-5

        4. The search for modern China - Jonathan D. Spence c1990

          Book Further See: Chapters 12-22

        5. China: a new history - John King Fairbank, Merle Goldman 1998

          Book Further See: Chapters 11-21

        6. The Cambridge history of China - Denis Crispin Twitchett, John King Fairbank 1978-

          Book Further See: Volume 15, Chapters 9, 10, 11 of this volume. (Harding’s contribution)

        7. Chinese politics: state, society and the market - Peter Hays Gries, Stanley Rosen, Ebooks Corporation Limited 2010 (electronic resource)

          Book Further See: Chapter 10: Mackerras, Colin. ‘Tibetans, Uyghurs, and multinational ‘China’: Han-minority relations and state legitimation’.

    9. Lecture 2: Governance in a One-Party Authoritarian System: The Chinese Communist Party 16 items
      This lecture looks at China’s constitution and the institutions of the party state: the Communist Party (CCP). We examine its key institutions, its evolving ideology and its claims to rule, as well as the ways in which it has adapted over almost 70 years of rule.
      1. Required Reading 2 items
        1. Cases in comparative politics - Patrick H. O'Neil, Karl J. Fields, Donald Share 2018

          Book Essential See: pp. 402—408, and 415—418.

        2. Governance and politics of China - Tony Saich 2015

          Book Essential See: Chapters 3 & 4 on the Chinese Communist Party.

      2. Further Reading 14 items
        1. Handbook of the politics of China 2015

          Book Further See: Teiwes, F. C. The Study of Elite Political Conflict in the PRC: Politics inside the "Black Box", Chapter 1.

        2. Handbook of the politics of China 2015

          Book  See: Zheng, Y. and G. Chen, ‘The Chinese Communist Party: an institutional perspective’. (Chapter 3).

        3. Governing China: from revolution through reform - Kenneth Lieberthal c2004

          Book Further See: Chapters 6 and 7. Chapter 6 available via the Online Resource button.

        4. The paradox of China's post-Mao reforms - Merle Goldman, Roderick MacFarquhar 1999

          Book Further See: Fewsmith contribution.

        5. China's Communist Party: atrophy & adaptation - David L. Shambaugh c2008

          Book Further See: Chapter 1, Introduction: The Chinese Communist Party After Communism; Chapter 6, Rebuilding the Party: The Ideological Dimension; and, Chapter 7, Rebuilding the Party: the Organizational Dimension.

        6. Chinese politics: state, society and the market - Peter Hays Gries, Stanley Rosen, Ebooks Corporation Limited 2010 (electronic resource)

          Book Further See: Shue, V. Legitimacy Crisis in China?, Chapter 2.

        7. Chinese politics: state, society and the market 2010 (electronic resource)

          Book  See: Dickson, Bruce. J. “Dilemmas of Party Adaptation: the CCP‟s Strategies for Survival”. pp.22-40.

        8. State and society in 21st century China: crisis, contention, and legitimation - Peter Hays Gries, Stanley Rosen c2004 (electronic resource)

          Book Further See: Dickson, B.J. ‘Dilemmas of Party Adaptation: the CCP’s Strategies for survival’. See also contributions by Shue, Gries, Rosen, Mackerras, Thornton, to this volume.

        9. China's new rulers: the secret files - Andrew J. Nathan, Bruce Gilley 2003

          Book Further See: Chapter 2

    10. Lecture 3: Governance in a One-Party Authoritarian System: Understanding the Party-state 10 items
      This lecture looks at China’s central government institutions and how the CCP penetrates and controls them. We examine the central government executive and the national legislature. We then examine government reforms since the 1980s, including the recent reassertion of Party controls under Xi Jinping.
      1. Required Reading 2 items
        1. Cases in comparative politics - Patrick H. O'Neil, Karl J. Fields, Donald Share 2018

          Book Essential See: pp. 408-414.

        2. Governance and politics of China - Tony Saich 2015

          Book Essential See: Chapter 5 on the Central Governing Apparatus.

      2. Further Reading 8 items
        1. Handbook of the politics of China 2015

          Book Further See: Xu, Y. and Yang, D. The Central Government, Chapter 4.

        2. Governing China: from revolution through reform - Kenneth Lieberthal c2004

          Book Further See: Chapters 6 and 7. Chapter 6 available via Online Resource Button.

        3. The modern Chinese state - David L. Shambaugh 2000

          Book Further See: Shambaugh, D. The Chinese State in the Post-Mao Era.

        4. China's new rulers: the secret files - Andrew J. Nathan, Bruce Gilley 2003

          Book Further See: Chapter 2.

        5. Local people's congresses in China: development and transition - Young Nam Cho 2009

          Book Further

        6. State and society in 21st century China: crisis, contention, and legitimation - Peter Hays Gries, Stanley Rosen, Dawson Books c2004 (electronic resource)

          Book Further See: Gries, P. H. Popular Nationalism and State Legitimation in China, pp. 180-194.

    11. Lecture 4: Local Government, De Facto Federalism, Economic Growth and Political Change 14 items
      This lecture looks local government institutions and the interplay of national and local party and government institutions in policy making processes. This leads to a discussion of the balance of state and market in China’s ‘socialist market economy’, and how ‘de facto federalism’ -- the decentralization of economic power to local governments (while political centralism remained) – fuelled China’s economic growth.
      1. Required Reading 2 items
        1. Cases in comparative politics - Patrick H. O'Neil, Karl J. Fields, Donald Share 2018

          Book Essential See: pp. 412-414.

        2. Governance and politics of China - Tony Saich 2015

          Book Essential See: Governance Beyond the Centre, Chapter 6. Available via Online Resource button.

      2. Further Reading 12 items
        1. Handbook of the politics of China 2015

          Book Further See: Chen, M. Local Governance, Chapter 6.

        2. Handbook of the politics of China 2015

          Book  See: Zhiyue, B. 'Provincial Politics', ( Chapter 5).

        3. China's great economic transformation - Loren Brandt, Thomas G. Rawski 2008

          Book Further See: Naughton, A Political Economy of China’s Economic Transition.

        4. China against the tides: restructuring through revolution, radicalism and reform - Marc J. Blecher c2010

          Book Further See: The Triumph and Crises of Structural Reform, 1979 to the Present, Chapter 3.

        5. China's great economic transformation - Loren Brandt, Thomas G. Rawski 2008

          Book Further See: Haggard, S. and Huang, Y. The Political Economy of Private Sector Development in China, pp.337-374.

        6. The new rich in China: future rulers, present lives - David S. G. Goodman 2008

          Book Further See: Introduction and Chapter 1.

        7. Capitalism with Chinese characteristics: entrepreneurship and the state - Yasheng Huang 2008

          Book Further See: Chapters 1 and 5.

        8. Governing China: from revolution through reform - Kenneth Lieberthal c2004

          Book Further See: Chapter 6, available via the Online Resource button.

    12. Lecture 5: Political Representation - from Village Elections to Local People's Congresses 8 items
      This lecture looks at elections and representative political institutions in China, from local people's congresses to village communities. It then considers the other modes of political participation most often used by people in China.
      1. Required Reading 2 items
        1. Cases in comparative politics - Patrick H. O'Neil, Karl J. Fields, Donald Share 2018

          Book Essential

      2. Further Reading 6 items
        1. Local people's congresses in China: development and transition - Young Nam Cho 2009

          Book Further

    13. Lecture 6: State Society Relations Under One-Party Rule (Paul Gardner & Jane Duckett) 15 items
      This lecture looks at the emergence of civil society over the last twenty years after almost forty years in which political participation was directed, top-down by the one-party state. This class will look at the question of civil society and resistance in China under reform. We will discuss and examine social movements in China such as labour protests, Falun Gong demonstrations, environmental protests, and the activities of civil society organisations. We will think over how state-society relations have been evolving in the reform period in China and whether there is evidence of an emergence of a new pattern in the relationship between state and society in China.
      1. Required Reading 2 items
        1. Cases in comparative politics - Patrick H. O'Neil, Karl J. Fields, Donald Share 2018

          Book Essential See: pp. 418-430.

        2. Governance and politics of China - Tony Saich 2015

          Book Essential See: Chapter 7.

      2. Further Reading 13 items
        1. The Rise of the Chinese Security State - Yuhua Wang, Carl Minzner 06/2015

          Article Further

        2. The Chinese Hukou System at 50 - Kam Wing Chan 2009-3-1

          Article Further

        3. From comrade to citizen: struggle for political rights in China - Merle Goldman 2005

          Book Further See: Introduction: From Comrades to Citizens in the Post-Mao Era, pp. 1-24 & 68-94.

        4. Governance in China - Jude Howell 2004

          Book Further See: Du, J. Gender and Governance: the Rise of New Women’s Organizations, pp. 121-142.

    14. Lecture 7: Authoritarian Resilience and the Prospects for Democratisation in China 16 items
      As China becomes increasingly prosperous through the economic reforms, there have been increasing questions about whether political reforms will also take place. One popular argument is that the rise of the middle-class will lead to greater agitation for democratisation. Is this the case in China? Is the scholarship on ‘democratisation in China’ simply a reflection of Western political interests? What can we learn from the case of Taiwan’s democratisation? Is Chinese culture an obstacle to democracy taking root in China? This lecture will draw together the different issues we have covered in the previous five lectures to look at the overall impact of marketisation, political reform, and changing state-society relations on China’s authoritarian political system. We will consider China’s current social and political problems and the prospects for democratisation. We will also look at the ‘democratic idea’ in China.
      1. Required Reading 3 items
        1. Cases in comparative politics - Patrick H. O'Neil, Karl J. Fields, Donald Share 2018

          Book Essential See: pp. 430-440.

        2. Essentials of comparative politics - Patrick H. O'Neil 2018

          Book Essential See: pp. 300-301.

      2. Further Reading 13 items
        1. Chinese politics: state, society and the market - Peter Hays Gries, Stanley Rosen, Ebooks Corporation Limited 2010 (electronic resource)

          Book Further See: Dickson, B. Dilemmas of Party Adaptation: The CCP's Strategies for Survival, Chapter 1.

        2. Governance and politics of China - Tony Saich 2015

          Book Further See: Chapters 9 and 12.

        3. China's changing political landscape: prospects for democracy - Cheng Li, Dawson Books c2008 (electronic resource)

          Book Further See: Chapters 1 and 6

        4. Opportunity Lost? Inside China's Leadership Transition - Cheng Li November 2012

          Webpage Essential You will require to register with the journal Foreign Policy to view this article, free, as it doesn't come with the Library's subscription.

        5. China's new rulers: the secret files - Andrew J. Nathan, Bruce Gilley 2003

          Book Further See: Chapter 7.

        6. China: fragile superpower - Susan L. Shirk, Dawson Books 2007 (electronic resource)

          Book Further

        7. China's trapped transition: the limits of developmental autocracy - Minxin Pei 2006

          Book Further

        8. China's leadership in the 21st century: the rise of the fourth generation - David Michael Finkelstein, Maryanne Kivlehan c2003

          Book Further

  6. 5. Comparative Conclusions 62 items
    In the final section of the course we will illustrate how comparison across our three country cases can help illuminate key questions of comparative politics. In particular we will use two country comparisons in each lecture to examine common themes raised in the preceding lectures on the individual country cases: democratization and its failure, state-economy relations, state-society relations.
    1. Lecture 1: Explaining Regime Change and Type: Democratic Consolidation and Failure in Russia and Germany (Kelly Kollman) 16 items
      This lecture uses the cases of Russia and Germany to ask what factors contribute to differing levels of democratic consolidation in Weimar Germany, the Bonn Republic and post-Soviet Russia. It utilizes comparisons across these three cases to evaluate different theories of democratization and democratic consolidation.
      1. Required Reading 4 items
        1. Cases in comparative politics - Patrick H. O'Neil, Karl J. Fields, Donald Share 2018

          Book Essential See: Chapter 5 (pp. 218-230) & Chapter 7 (pp. 341-349); review readings.

        2. Essentials of comparative politics - Patrick H. O'Neil 2018

          Book Essential See: chapter 5 (pages 139-146 & 166-171) review reading.

      2. Further reading 12 items
        1. Democracy in the Post-Communist World: An Unending Quest? - G. Ekiert, J. Kubik, M. A. Vachudova 01/02/2007

          Article Further

    2. Lecture 2: State-Economy Relations: Market Transitions in China and Russia (Jane Duckett) 16 items
      This lecture will compare Russian and Chinese political and economic transformations since 1989. These two states had similar starting points: state-planned economies and Leninist political parties, but China did not go down the same path to ‘post-communism’ as Russia in after 1989. Despite their different political trajectories, however, both states have marketised their economies over the last two decades. We will look at the reasons for the differences and similarities, taking into account level of economic development, political identities and nationalism, and taking into account the interactions between economic marketisation and political change.
      1. Required reading 2 items
        1. Essentials of comparative politics - Patrick H. O'Neil 2018

          Book Essential See: chapters 4.

        2. Cases in comparative politics - Patrick H. O'Neil, Karl J. Fields, Donald Share 2018

          Book Essential see: Chapter 7 (Russia, pp 370-375) & Chapter 8 (China; pp 430-436;-444-445).

      2. Further readings 14 items
        1. Building capitalism: the transformation of the former Soviet bloc - Anders Åslund 2002

          Book Further

        2. The economics of transition: from socialist economy to market economy - Marie Lavigne 1999

          Book Further

        3. The transformation of state socialism: system change, capitalism or something else? - David Lane 2007 (electronic resource)

          Book Further See: Lane, D. ‘The social bases of reform and anti-reform in Russia and Ukraine’.

        4. China's new rulers: the secret files - Andrew J. Nathan, Bruce Gilley c2002

          Book Further See: chapter 7.

        5. Governance and politics of China - Tony Saich 2004

          Book Further See: chapter 2.

    3. Lecture 3 (Vikki Turbine) Online and politically engaged? Youth political engagement in Russia & China: challenging or supporting authoritarian regime types? 8 items
      This final lecture considers how younger citizens in China and Russia, who are increasingly engaging online, engage with politics. We consider why this matters in the context of the large questions of this course; what sustains and destabilises authoritarian regimes? What are the factors that lead to democratisation? How do authoritarian regimes evolve in a globalised context? How do authoritarian forms seep into democratic contexts, particularly via online spaces?
      1. Required Reading 3 items
      2. Further reading 5 items
    4. High Demand Books 19 items
      1. Essentials of comparative politics - Patrick H. O'Neil 2018

        Book Essential

      2. Cases in comparative politics - Patrick H. O'Neil, Karl J. Fields, Donald Share 2018

        Book Essential

      3. Comparative government and politics: an introduction - Rod Hague, Martin Harrop, John McCormick 2016

        Book Essential

      4. The politics of the new Germany - Simon Green, Dan Hough, Alister Miskimmon 2012 (electronic resource)

        Book Essential

      5. Developments in German politics 4 2014

        Book Essential

      6. Comparative politics: a global introduction - Michael J. Sodaro c2008

        Book Essential See: chapter 18, pp. 514-26.

      7. Governance in contemporary Germany: the semisovereign state revisited - Simon Green, William E. Paterson 2005 (electronic resource)

        Book Essential See: chapter 4.

      8. Political institutions in the Federal Republic of Germany - Manfred G. Schmidt 2003

        Book Essential

      9. Governance and politics of China - Tony Saich 2011

        Book Essential

      10. Riot days - Mari︠i︡a Alekhina 2017

        Book Essential

      11. Protest in Putin's Russia - Mischa Gabowitsch, ProQuest (Firm) 2015

        Book Essential

      12. China's challenges - Walter de Gruyter & Co 2015

        Book Essential

      13. Handbook of the politics of China 2015

        Book Essential

      14. Will China democratize? - Andrew J. Nathan, Larry Diamond, Marc F. Plattner 2013

        Book Essential

    5. Digitised Readings 3 items
      1. Comparative government and politics: an introduction - Rod Hague, Martin Harrop, John McCormick 2016

        Book Further See: Chapter 5, available via the Online Resource button.

      2. Comparative politics 2017

        Book Essential See: Rothstein, B. 'The relevance of comparative politics',pp. 21-34, available via Online Resource button.

      3. Understanding Russian politics - Stephen White, Askews & Holts Library Services 2011

        Book Essential See: chapter 8.