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Carver MOH. Portmahomack: monastery of the Picts. Edinburgh: : Edinburgh University Press 2008. http://ezproxy.lib.gla.ac.uk/login?url=http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748624416.001.0001
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Carver M, Downes J, Barrett J. Pitcarmick Excavations 1993-5. 2013.http://archaeologydataservice.ac.uk/archives/view/pitcarmick_hs_2013/downloads.cfm
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Downes J, Ritchie A. Sea change: Orkney and Northern Europe in the later Iron Age AD 300-800. Balgavies: : Pinkfoot 2003.
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Frazer WO, Tyrrell A, Dawson Books. Social identity in early Medieval Britain. London: : Leicester University Press 2000. http://www.dawsonera.com/guard/protected/dawson.jsp?name=University%20of%20Glasgow&dest=http://www.dawsonera.com/depp/reader/protected/external/AbstractView/S9781441195029
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Henderson G, Henderson I. The art of the Picts: sculpture and metalwork in early medieval Scotland. London: : Thames & Hudson 2004.
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Menzies G, Smout TC, NetLibrary, Inc. In search of Scotland. Edinburgh: : Polygon at Edinburgh 2001. http://ezproxy.lib.gla.ac.uk/login?url=http://www.netLibrary.com/urlapi.asp?action=summary&v=1&bookid=80967
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