Mac Airt, S. and Mac Niocaill, G. (1983) The Annals of Ulster (to A.D. 1131). [Dublin]: Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies.
Alcock, L. (1987a) Economy, society and warfare among the Britons and Saxons. Cardiff: University of Wales Press.
Alcock, L. (1987b) Economy, society and warfare among the Britons and Saxons. Cardiff: University of Wales Press.
Alcock, L., Alcock, E. A. and Driscoll, S. T. (1989) ‘Reconnaissance excavations on Early Historic fortifications and other royal sites in Scotland, 1974-84: 3, Excavations at Dunddurn, Strathearn, Perthshire, 1976-77’, Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 119. Available at: http://archaeologydataservice.ac.uk/archiveDS/archiveDownload?t=arch-352-1/dissemination/pdf/vol_119/119_189_226.pdf.
Alcock, L. and Groam House Museum Trust (1993) The neighbours of the Picts: Angles, Britons & Scots at war and at home. [Rosemarkie]: Groam House Museum Trust.
Alcock, L. and Society of Antiquaries of Scotland (2003) Kings and warriors, craftsmen and priests in Northern Britain AD 550-850. Edinburgh: Society of Antiquaries of Scotland.
Allen, J. R. and Anderson, J. (1903) The early Christian monuments of Scotland: a classified, illustrated, descriptive list of the monuments with an analysis of their symbolism and ornamentation. Edinburgh: Printed for the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland by Neill.
Amory, P. (1997a) People and identity in Ostrogothic Italy, 489-554. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Amory, P. (1997b) People and identity in Ostrogothic Italy, 489-554. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Anderson, A. O. (1908) Scottish annals from English chroniclers: A. D.500 to 1286. London: David Nutt.
Anderson, A. O. and Anderson, M. (1990a) Early sources of Scottish history, A.D. 500 to 1286. Stamford: Paul Watkins.
Anderson, A. O. and Anderson, M. (1990b) Early sources of Scottish history, A.D. 500 to 1286. Stamford: Paul Watkins.
Anderson, M. O. (2011a) Kings and kingship in early Scotland. [New ed.]. Edinburgh: John Donald.
Anderson, M. O. (2011b) Kings and kingship in early Scotland. [New ed.]. Edinburgh: John Donald.
Backlund, J. (2001) ‘War or Peace? The relations between the Picts and the Norse in Orkney’, Northern studies, 36, pp. 33–47.
Bannerman, J. (1997) ‘The Scottish takeover of Pictland and the relics of Columba’, Innes Review, 48(1), pp. 27–44. doi: 10.3366/inr.1997.48.1.27.
Barrow, G. W. S. (2003a) The kingdom of the Scots: government, Church and society from the eleventh to the fourteenth century. 2nd ed. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
Barrow, G. W. S. (2003b) The kingdom of the Scots: government, Church and society from the eleventh to the fourteenth century. 2nd ed. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
Barth, F. and Universitetet i Bergen (1998) Ethnic groups and boundaries: the social organization of culture difference. Prospect Heights, Ill: Waveland Press, inc.
Bartlett, R. (1994) The making of Europe: conquest, colonization and cultural change 950-1350. London: Penguin Books.
Blair, J. and Sharpe, R. (1992) Pastoral care before the parish. Leicester: Leicester University Press.
Broun, D. (2007a) Scottish independence and the idea of Britain: from the Picts to Alexander III. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. Available at: https://ezproxy.lib.gla.ac.uk/login?url=https://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748623600.001.0001.
Broun, D. (2007b) Scottish independence and the idea of Britain: from the Picts to Alexander III. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. Available at: https://ezproxy.lib.gla.ac.uk/login?url=https://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748623600.001.0001.
Broun, D. and Clancy, T. O. (1999a) Spes Scotorum =: Hope of Scots : Saint Columba, Iona and Scotland. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark.
Broun, D. and Clancy, T. O. (1999b) Spes Scotorum =: Hope of Scots : Saint Columba, Iona and Scotland. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark.
Broun, D. and University of Cambridge. Department of Anglo-Saxon, Norse & Celtic (1995) The charters of Gaelic Scotland and Ireland in the early and central Middle Ages. Cambridge: Department of Anglo-Saxon, Norse & Celtic, University of Cambridge.
Byrne, F. J. (2001) Irish kings and high-kings. 2nd ed. Dublin: Four Courts Press.
Carver, M. (2004) ‘An Iona of the East: The Early-medieval Monastery at Portmahomack, Tarbat Ness’, Medieval Archaeology, 48(1), pp. 1–30. doi: 10.1179/007660904225022780.
Carver, M., Downes, J. and Barrett, J. (2013) ‘Pitcarmick Excavations 1993-5.’ Available at: http://archaeologydataservice.ac.uk/archives/view/pitcarmick_hs_2013/downloads.cfm.
Carver, M. O. H. (2008) Portmahomack: monastery of the Picts. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. Available at: https://ezproxy.lib.gla.ac.uk/login?url=https://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748624416.001.0001.
Carver, M. O. H. and Historic Scotland (2005) Surviving in symbols: a visit to the Pictish nation. [Newly updated ed.]. Edinburgh: Birlinn Ltd. with Historic Scotland.
Charles-Edwards, T. M. and Oxford University Press (1993) Early Irish and Welsh kinship. Oxford: Clarendon. Available at: https://ezproxy.lib.gla.ac.uk/login?url=https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201038.001.0001.
Clancy, T. O. (1998) The triumph tree: Scotland’s earliest poetry, 550-1350. Edinburgh: Canongate.
Clancy, T. O. and Markus, G. (1995) Iona: the earliest poetry of a Celtic monastery. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
Clarke, D. V. (2007) ‘Reading the Multiple Lives of Pictish Symbol Stones’, Medieval Archaeology, 51(1), pp. 19–39. doi: 10.1179/174581707x224642.
Clarke, D. V. et al. (2012a) Early Medieval Scotland: individuals, communities and ideas. Edinburgh: NMS Enterprises Limited - Publishing.
Clarke, D. V. et al. (2012b) Early Medieval Scotland: individuals, communities and ideas. Edinburgh: NMS Enterprises Limited - Publishing.
Clarke, H. B., Ní Mhaonaigh, M. and Ó Floinn, R. (1998) Ireland and Scandinavia in the early Viking age. Dublin: Four Courts Press.
Cohen, A. P. and Ebooks Corporation Limited (1985) The symbolic construction of community. Chichester: Ellis Horwood. Available at: https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/gla/detail.action?docID=178361.
Comaroff, J. L. and Comaroff, J. (1992) Ethnography and the historical imagination. Boulder: Westview Press.
Cowan, E. J. (1981) ‘The Scottish Chronicle in the Poppleton Manuscript’, Innes Review, 32(1), pp. 3–21. doi: 10.3366/inr.1981.32.1.3.
Crawford, B. E. (1987a) Scandinavian Scotland. [Leicester]: Leicester University Press.
Crawford, B. E. (1987b) Scandinavian Scotland. [Leicester]: Leicester University Press.
Crawford, B. E. (1994) Scotland in Dark Age Europe: the proceedings of a day conference held on 20 February 1993. St. Andrews: The Committee for Dark Age Studies, University of St Andrews.
Crawford, B. E. (1995a) Scandinavian settlement in northern Britain: thirteen studies of place-names in their historical context. London: Leicester University Press.
Crawford, B. E. (1995b) Scandinavian settlement in northern Britain: thirteen studies of place-names in their historical context. London: Leicester University Press.
Crawford, B. E. (1996a) Scotland in dark age Britain: the proceedings of a day conference held on 18 February 1995. Aberdeen: Scottish Cultural Press.
Crawford, B. E. (1996b) Scotland in dark age Britain: the proceedings of a day conference held on 18 February 1995. Aberdeen: Scottish Cultural Press.
Crawford, B. E. (1996c) Scotland in dark age Britain: the proceedings of a day conference held on 18 February 1995. Aberdeen: Scottish Cultural Press. Available at: http://content.talisaspire.com/glasgow/bundles/56c2f004e7ebb6245700002a.
Crawford, B. E. and Groam House Museum Trust (1995) Earl & Mormaer: Norse-Pictish relationships in Northern Scotland. Rosemarkie: Groam House Museum Trust.
Davies, W. and Oxford University Press (1990) Patterns of power in early Wales: O’Donnell lectures, delivered in the University of Oxford, 1983. Oxford: Clarendon. Available at: https://ezproxy.lib.gla.ac.uk/login?url=https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201533.001.0001.
Dawson Books (2005) Scotland: a history. Edited by J. Wormald. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Available at: https://www.vlebooks.com/vleweb/product/openreader?id=GlasgowUni&isbn=9780191518683.
Downes, J. and Ritchie, A. (2003a) Sea change: Orkney and Northern Europe in the later Iron Age AD 300-800. Balgavies: Pinkfoot.
Downes, J. and Ritchie, A. (2003b) Sea change: Orkney and Northern Europe in the later Iron Age AD 300-800. Balgavies: Pinkfoot.
Downes, J. and Ritchie, A. (2003c) Sea change: Orkney and Northern Europe in the later Iron Age AD 300-800. Balgavies: Pinkfoot.
Downes, J. and Ritchie, A. (2003d) Sea change: Orkney and Northern Europe in the later Iron Age AD 300-800. Balgavies: Pinkfoot.
Downes, J. and Ritchie, A. (2003e) Sea change: Orkney and Northern Europe in the later Iron Age AD 300-800. Balgavies: Pinkfoot.
Downes, J. and Ritchie, A. (2003f) Sea change: Orkney and Northern Europe in the later Iron Age AD 300-800. Balgavies: Pinkfoot. Available at: http://content.talisaspire.com/glasgow/bundles/568cd9c5e7ebb60218000016.
Downes, J. and Ritchie, A. (2003g) Sea change: Orkney and Northern Europe in the later Iron Age AD 300-800. Balgavies: Pinkfoot.
Downes, J. and Ritchie, A. (2003h) Sea change: Orkney and Northern Europe in the later Iron Age AD 300-800. Balgavies: Pinkfoot.
Driscoll, S. T. (1998) ‘Picts and prehistory: Cultural resource management in early medieval Scotland’, World Archaeology, 30(1), pp. 142–158. doi: 10.1080/00438243.1998.9980402.
Driscoll, S. T. (1998) ‘Picts and prehistory: cultural resource management in early medieval Scotland’, World Archaeology, 30(1), pp. 142–158. Available at: http://eprints.gla.ac.uk/2981/.
Driscoll, S. T. (2002) Alba: the Gaelic kingdom of Scotland, AD 800-1124. Edinburgh: Birlinn.
Driscoll, S. T. et al. (2011) Pictish progress: new studies on northern Britain in the Middle Ages. Leiden: Brill. Available at: https://www.vlebooks.com/vleweb/product/openreader?id=GlasgowUni&isbn=9789004188013.
Driscoll, S. T. and Nieke, M. R. (1988) Power and politics in early Medieval Britain and Ireland. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
Dumville, D. N. and Whithorn Trust. Friends (1997a) The churches of North Britain in the first Viking-Age. Whithorn: Friends of the Whithorn Trust.
Dumville, D. N. and Whithorn Trust. Friends (1997b) The churches of North Britain in the first Viking-Age. Whithorn: Friends of the Whithorn Trust.
Dumville, D. N. and Whithorn Trust. Friends (1997c) The churches of North Britain in the first Viking-Age. Whithorn: Friends of the Whithorn Trust.
Duncan, A. A. M. (1978) Scotland: the making of the Kingdom. Edinburgh: Oliver and Boyd.
Edwards, N. and Lane, A. (1992) The early church in Wales and the west: recent work in early Christian archaeology, history and place-names. Oxford: Oxbow.
Forsyth, K. (1997a) Language in Pictland: the case against ‘non-Indo-European Pictish’. Utrecht: De Keltiche Draak. Available at: http://eprints.gla.ac.uk/archive/00002081/.
Forsyth, K. (1997b) Language in Pictland: the case against ‘non-Indo-European Pictish’. Utrecht: De Keltiche Draak. Available at: http://eprints.gla.ac.uk/archive/00002081/.
Forsyth, K. (1998) ‘Literacy in Pictland’, in Literacy in medieval Celtic societies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 39–61. Available at: http://eprints.gla.ac.uk/2461/.
Foster, S. M. et al. (2005) Able minds and practised hands: Scotland’s early medieval sculpture in the twenty-first century. [Scotland]: Historic Scotland.
Foster, S. M. and Ebooks Corporation Limited (2014) Picts, Gaels and Scots: early historic Scotland. New edition. Edinburgh: Birlinn. Available at: http://GLA.eblib.com/patron/FullRecord.aspx?p=1692164.
Foster, S. M., Historic Scotland and Society of Antiquaries of Scotland (1998a) The St Andrews sarcophagus: a Pictish masterpiece and its international connections. Dublin: Four Courts.
Foster, S. M., Historic Scotland and Society of Antiquaries of Scotland (1998b) The St Andrews sarcophagus: a Pictish masterpiece and its international connections. Dublin: Four Courts.
Foster, S. M., Macinnes, A. I. and MacInnes, R. (1998) Scottish power centres: from the early Middle Ages to the twentieth century. Glasgow: Cruithne Press.
Fraser, I., Ritchie, G. and Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland (1999) Pictish symbol stones: an illustrated gazetteer. Edinburgh: RCAHMS.
Frazer, W. O., Tyrrell, A. and Dawson Books (2000a) Social identity in early Medieval Britain. London: Leicester University Press. Available at: http://www.vlebooks.com/vleweb/product/openreader?id=GlasgowUni&isbn=9781441195029.
Frazer, W. O., Tyrrell, A. and Dawson Books (2000b) Social identity in early Medieval Britain. London: Leicester University Press. Available at: http://www.vlebooks.com/vleweb/product/openreader?id=GlasgowUni&isbn=9781441195029.
Friell, J. G. P. and Watson, W. G. (1984) Pictish studies: settlement, burial and art in Dark Age Northern Britain. Oxford: B.A.R.
Grabowski, K. and Dumville, D. N. (1984) Chronicles and annals of medieval Ireland and Wales: the Clonmacnoise-group texts. Woodbridge, Suffolk: Boydell Press.
Grant, A. et al. (1993) Medieval Scotland: crown, lordship and community. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. Available at: http://ezproxy.lib.gla.ac.uk/login?url=http://www.netLibrary.com/urlapi.asp?action=summary&v=1&bookid=9185.
Hanson, W. S. and Slater, E. A. (1991a) Scottish archaeology: new perceptions. Aberdeen: Aberdeen University Press.
Hanson, W. S. and Slater, E. A. (1991b) Scottish archaeology: new perceptions. Aberdeen: Aberdeen University Press.
Henderson, G. and Henderson, I. (2004a) The art of the Picts: sculpture and metalwork in early medieval Scotland. London: Thames & Hudson.
Henderson, G. and Henderson, I. (2004b) The art of the Picts: sculpture and metalwork in early medieval Scotland. London: Thames & Hudson.
Henderson, I. (1967) The Picts. London: Thames and Hudson.
Henry, D. and Henderson, I. (1997a) The worm, the germ and the thorn: Pictish and related studies presented to Isabel Henderson. Balgavies: Pinkfoot Press.
Henry, D. and Henderson, I. (1997b) The worm, the germ and the thorn: Pictish and related studies presented to Isabel Henderson. Balgavies: Pinkfoot Press.
Henry, D. and Henderson, I. (1997c) The worm, the germ and the thorn: Pictish and related studies presented to Isabel Henderson. Balgavies: Pinkfoot Press.
Henry, D. and Henderson, I. (1997d) The worm, the germ and the thorn: Pictish and related studies presented to Isabel Henderson. Balgavies: Pinkfoot Press.
Henry, D. and Henderson, I. (1997e) The worm, the germ and the thorn: Pictish and related studies presented to Isabel Henderson. Balgavies: Pinkfoot Press.
Henry, D. and Henderson, I. (1997f) The worm, the germ and the thorn: Pictish and related studies presented to Isabel Henderson. Balgavies: Pinkfoot Press. Available at: http://eprints.gla.ac.uk/3447/.
Henry, D. and Henderson, I. (1997g) The worm, the germ and the thorn: Pictish and related studies presented to Isabel Henderson. Balgavies: Pinkfoot Press.
Herbert, M. (1996a) Iona, Kells, and Derry: the history and hagiography of the monastic familia of Columba. 1st pbk. ed. Blackrock, Co. Dublin: Four Courts Press.
Herbert, M. (1996b) Iona, Kells, and Derry: the history and hagiography of the monastic familia of Columba. 1st pbk. ed. Blackrock, Co. Dublin: Four Courts Press.
Hines, J. and Center for Interdisciplinary Research on Social Stress (1997) The Anglo-Saxons from the migration period to the eighth century: an ethnographic perspective. Woodbridge: Boydell Press.
Hudson, B. T. (1994) Kings of Celtic Scotland. Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press.
Hughes, K. (1972a) Early Christian Ireland: introduction to the sources. London: Sources of History Ltd.
Hughes, K. (1972b) Early Christian Ireland: introduction to the sources. London: Sources of History Ltd.
Ingold, T. (2002) Companion encyclopedia of anthropology. [2nd. ed.]. London: Routledge. Available at: http://lib.myilibrary.com/browse/open.asp?id=33142 &entityid=https://idp.gla.ac.uk/shibboleth.
Jackson, K. H. (1972a) The Gaelic notes in the Book of Deer. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Jackson, K. H. (1972b) The Gaelic notes in the Book of Deer. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Jackson, K. H. (1972c) The Gaelic notes in the Book of Deer. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Jenkins, Richard (no date) ‘Ethnicity etcetera: Social anthropological points of view.’, Ethnic & Racial Studies, 19(4). Available at: https://ezproxy.lib.gla.ac.uk/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=sih&AN=9703241812&site=ehost-live.
Jones, Glanville R J (no date) ‘Multiple estates perceived’, Journal of Historical Geography, 11(4). Available at: https://ezproxy.lib.gla.ac.uk/login?url=https://search.proquest.com/docview/1300170427?accountid=14540.
Karkov, C. E. and Farrell, R. T. (1991) Studies in insular art and archaeology. Oxford, Ohio: American Early Medieval Studies and the Miami University School of Fine Arts.
Kelly, F. (1988) A guide to early Irish law. Dublin: Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies.
Lynch, M. (2007) The Oxford companion to Scottish history. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Available at: http://www.oxfordreference.com/view/10.1093/acref/9780199234820.001.0001/acref-9780199234820?rskey=KKTm8Z&result=1&q=Oxford%20companion%20to%20Scottish%20history.
Lynch, M. and Oxford University Press (2007) The Oxford companion to Scottish history. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Available at: https://ezproxy.lib.gla.ac.uk/login?url=https://www.oxfordreference.com/view/10.1093/acref/9780199234820.001.0001/acref-9780199234820?rskey=KKTm8Z&result=1&q=Oxford%20companion%20to%20Scottish%20history.
McKitterick, R. et al. (1982) Ireland in early mediaeval Europe: studies in memory of Kathleen Hughes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
McNeill, P. G. B. and Nicholson, R. (1975) An historical atlas of Scotland, c. 400-c. 1600. St. Andrews: Atlas Committee of the Conference of Scottish Medievalists.
Menzies, G. (2002) Who are the Scots?: and The Scottish nation. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
Menzies, G. and Smout, T. C. (2001) In search of Scotland. Edinburgh: Polygon at Edinburgh. Available at: http://ezproxy.lib.gla.ac.uk/login?url=http://www.netLibrary.com/urlapi.asp?action=summary&v=1&bookid=80967.
Morris, C. D. (1989) Church and monastery in the far North: an archaeological evaluation. [S.l.]: [s.n.].
Morris, C. D. et al. (1993) The Viking age in Caithness, Orkney and the North Atlantic: selected papers from the proceedings of the eleventh Viking Congress, Thurso and Kirkwall, 22 August-1 September 1989. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
Nicolaisen, W. F. H. (2001) Scottish place-names: their study and significance. Edinburgh: John Donald.
Nicolaisen, W. F. H. and Groam House Museum Trust (1996) The Picts and their place names. Rosemarkie: Groam House Museum Trust.
Nicoll, E. H. and Burt, J. R. F. (1995a) A Pictish panorama: the story of the Picts. and, A Pictish bibliography. Angus: Pinkfoot Press.
Nicoll, E. H. and Burt, J. R. F. (1995b) A Pictish panorama: the story of the Picts. and, A Pictish bibliography. Angus: Pinkfoot Press.
Nicoll, E. H. and Burt, J. R. F. (1995c) A Pictish panorama: the story of the Picts. and, A Pictish bibliography. Angus: Pinkfoot Press.
Mac Niocaill, G. and Dublin Historical Association (1975) The medieval Irish annals. Dublin: Dublin Historical Association.
O’Mahony, F. and Trinity College (Dublin, Ireland) (1994) The Book of Kells: proceedings of a conference at Trinity College Dublin, 6-9 September 1992. Aldershot, Hants: Published for Trinity College Library by Scolar Press.
O’Neill, P., Australian Conference of Celtic Studies and University of Sydney. Celtic Studies Foundation (2005a) Exile and homecoming: papers from the fifth Australian Conference of Celtic Studies, University of Sydney, July 2004. Sydney, N.S.W.: Celtic Studies Foundation, University of Sydney.
O’Neill, P., Australian Conference of Celtic Studies and University of Sydney. Celtic Studies Foundation (2005b) Exile and homecoming: papers from the fifth Australian Conference of Celtic Studies, University of Sydney, July 2004. Sydney, N.S.W.: Celtic Studies Foundation, University of Sydney. Available at: http://content.talisaspire.com/glasgow/bundles/56c2eedae7ebb6d27c000026.
Owen, D. H. (1989) Settlement and society in Wales. Cardiff: University of Wales Press.
Pohl, W. and Reimitz, H. (1998) Strategies of distinction: the construction of the ethnic communities, 300-800. Leiden: Brill.
Price, G. (1998) An encyclopedia of the languages of Europe. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.
Ritchie, A. (1977) ‘Excavation of Pictish and Viking-age farmsteads at Buckquoy, Orkney’, Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 108, pp. 174–227. Available at: http://archaeologydataservice.ac.uk/archiveDS/archiveDownload?t=arch-352-1/dissemination/pdf/vol_108/108_174_227.pdf.
Ritchie, A. (1994) Govan and its early medieval sculpture. Stroud: Alan Sutton Publishing Limited.
Ritchie, A. and Breeze, D. J. (1991) Invaders of Scotland: an introduction to the archaeology of the Romans, Scots, Angles and Vikings, highlighting the monuments in the care of the Secretary of State for Scotland. Edinburgh: HMSO.
Ritchie, A. and Historic Buildings and Monuments Directorate (1989) Picts: an introduction to the life of the Picts and the carved stones in the care of Historic Scotland. Edinburgh: H.M.S.O.
Sawyer, P. H. (1976) Medieval settlement: continuity and change. London: Edward Arnold.
Sawyer, P. H. (1997) The Oxford illustrated history of the Vikings. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Sawyer, P. H. and Wood, I. N. (1977) Early medieval kingship. Leeds (c/o School of History, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT): The editors.
Scottish Society for Northern Studies (1973) ‘Northern studies.’
Small, A. (1987) The Picts: a new look at old problems. Dundee: University of Dundee.
Smith, A. D. (1988) The ethnic origins of nations. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
Smith, B. (2001) ‘The Picts and the Martyrs, or did the Vikings Kill the Native Population of Orkney and Shetland’, Northern studies, 36, pp. 7–32. Available at: http://content.talisaspire.com/glasgow/bundles/568cdd71e7ebb6021800002a.
Smyth, A. P. (1975) Scandinavian York and Dublin: the history and archaeology of two related Viking kingdoms. Dublin: Templekieran Press.
Smyth, A. P. (1977) Scandinavian kings in the British Isles, 850-880. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Smyth, A. P. (1984) Warlords and holy men: Scotland, A.D. 80-1000. London: E. Arnold.
Society of Antiquaries of Scotland (no date) ‘Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland.’ Available at: http://archaeologydataservice.ac.uk/archives/view/psas/volumes.cfm.
Stokes, W. and Tigernach (1993) The annals of Tigernach. Felinfach, Lampeter, Dyfed [Wales]: Llanerch Publishers.
Taylor, A. B. (1938) The Orkneyinga saga. London: Oliver & Boyd.
Taylor, S. and Anderson, M. O. (2000) Kings, clerics and chronicles in Scotland, 500-1297: essays in honour of Marjorie Ogilvie Anderson on the occasion of her ninetieth birthday. Dublin: Four Courts Press.
The Scottish Archaeological Research Framework (no date). Available at: http://www.scottishheritagehub.com/.
Thomas, C. (1971) The early Christian archaeology of North Britain: the Hunter Marshall lectures delivered at the University of Glasgow in January and February 1968. London: Oxford University Press for the University of Glasgow.
Wainwright, F. T. (1963) The Souterrains of Southern Pictland. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Wainwright, F. T. (1980a) The problem of the Picts. Perth: Melven Press.
Wainwright, F. T. (1980b) The problem of the Picts. Perth: Melven Press. Available at: http://content.talisaspire.com/glasgow/bundles/568cdccee7ebb60218000020.
Wainwright, F. T. (1980c) The problem of the Picts. Perth: Melven Press.
Watson, W. J. (2004) The history of the Celtic place-names of Scotland. Edinburgh: Birlinn.
Wolfram, H. (2007) ‘Origo et religio. Ethnic traditions and literature in early medieval texts’, Early Medieval Europe, 3(1), pp. 19–38. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-0254.1994.tb00019.x.
Woolf, A. (1998) ‘Pictish matriliny reconsidered’, Innes Review, 49(2), pp. 147–167. doi: 10.3366/inr.1998.49.2.147.
Woolf, A. (2006) ‘Dun Nechtain, Fortriu and the Geography of the Picts’, The Scottish Historical Review, 85(2), pp. 182–201. doi: 10.1353/shr.2007.0029.
Youngs, S. and Craddock, P. T. (1989) ‘The work of angels’: masterpieces of Celtic metalwork, 6th-9th centuries AD. London: British Museum Publications.